The fungal disease appears first on the skinstop, often in the interdigital folds. Between the fingers appears peeling, accompanied by burning and itching. Then there are bubbles that burst, forming cracks and sores. If you do not start immediate treatment, the fungus spread to the nails. Once in the nail plate, it continues to grow and multiply. Despite its slowness, the fungus gradually stratifies the nail gradually fills it and introduced into the nail bed. Over time, the affected area is not only captures the nails on your feet, but also on the hands. It occurs even internal organ damage - fortunately quite rare.
Manifestations of the disease depends on the type nail fungus, but also on the extent and depth of virus infection.
After moving to the nail plate, tineausually declare themselves yellow spots or longitudinal stripes on the sides of the legs of the nail. In some cases of the disease can be guessed by the appearance of bright yellow stripes or spots in the center of the nail plate. In the hands of the nails also are "decorated" like stripes, but lighter - whitish or greyish. Yeast attenuate the nail plate from the sides, while it falls short of the nail bed and becomes yellowish color.
Often the disease begins with a nail ridges,usually on the hands. Rollers thicken, swell and redden on the edge appear silvery scales, gradually disappearing nail cuticle. By the process can join a bacterial infection, in this case, perhaps even fester. Power tissue in the roller is broken, as a result of the transverse grooves appear.
Mold fungi can cause onychomycosisOnly against the background of already existing disorders nail supply arising due to other diseases. In that case also changes the color of the nail plate, it can be yellow, green, blue, brown and even black, but the defeat of the nail remains superficial.
However, it is not necessary to put a diagnosisyourself, the more that nail infections can be caused by several fungi. In addition, the fungus - though frequent, but not the only cause of serious problems with nails.
Noticing the signs of fungus, do not expect that allwill disappear by itself. The longer the fungus lives on your nails, the harder it is to treat and so much the worse for the whole organism. Lingering onychomycosis can cause an allergic reaction, weaken the immune system and lead to an aggravation of chronic diseases.
Therefore, the right thing at the firstsuspicion - refer to the doctor, mycologist or a dermatologist. The doctor not only will examine, assess the thickness of the nail structure, but also make scrapes tissue for analysis. The only way he will be able to determine the presence of the fungus, its type and assign adequate treatment. In this case the doctor will take into account the prevalence of the process, the defeat of the form, the presence of concomitant diseases, nail growth rate, and so forth. In our time for treatment are highly effective medicines of general and local action.
When the initial forms of the disease, when the areaNail lesions negligible, can restrict local treatment - applying to the nail bed 2 times a day an antifungal drug (antimycotics) a wide spectrum as an ointment, cream or solution. Before applying the medication is carried out special training nails.
In some cases it is necessary to go to the removal of the nail plate with subsequent treatment. After that the new nail grows, though its surface is the first time can be rough.
Whatever treatment or prescribed by a doctor, for sometime you turn into a disinfectant. The doctor will write a prescription for the pharmacy that you prepare for the required solution. Prior to the beginning of the course they will have to process all available shoes, all socks, gloves and pr., and then 1 time a month before the regrowth of healthy nails, you need to handle the clothes and shoes that had worn during the treatment.
To avoid trouble, we have to beattentively. Unpleasant can turn the swimming pool, saunas, gym and even a beach sun burnt. The causative agents of onychomycosis remarkably resistant to external factors.
Observance of simple rules will protect you from the disease:
- on the beach walk only in sneakers;
- Taking a bath, sauna or swimming pool use closed rubber slippers that protect against splashes;
- Wipe dry after washing the feet, particularly the interdigital folds, and treat their prophylactic antifungal cream or a special powder;
- Do not wear someone else's shoes;
- daily change socks and stockings.