It would seem that there may be similarities between thepool, cat hair, intestines and the female vagina (Hussars, be silent!). And, meanwhile, are the places inhabited by a wide variety of fungi, which can not only bring a lot of inconvenience, but also spread from person to person. Independently fungal infection will never disappear. But go into the chronic form - easily.
Outset that fungal infections are verymany, they are caused by a variety of fungi, and the clinical picture is sometimes different colorful expressions. Therefore, in most cases, required to take a skin flake or smear from somewhere else to look under a microscope and determine - what kind of mushroom grows on you. It is logical that not every home has a microscope, but in the dermatological clinic, it is definitely.
The kingdom of fungi includes almost 100 thousand species. It is familiar to us, and wild mushrooms with legs and hats, and mold on the walls and the bread and yeast, in which the dough rises, and even a rash on the body.
Pathogens (ie capable of causing human disease) is only about 500 species of fungi.
The same applies to the treatment. Mushrooms - a very life-loving organisms and do not give up without a fight. To evict them, it needs to use heavy artillery in the form of specific antifungal antibiotics. Appoint and supervise such treatment can only dermatologist. It is logical that not every home has a dermatologist ...
Therefore, in the article, we will only briefly touch on where and under what circumstances you can gather up the full body of mushrooms. And what to do to avoid it.
You never know what's floating
Classic meeting place with a fungus -a public swimming pool. There you can add public showers (for example, in the health club) and baths. It has everything you need for a happy existence of the fungus - heat and moisture. It is enough to bring a single sick person on his feet fungus, and "trap" for the unwary is ready. However, the carelessness of later first manifestations of the infection.
Basic "souvenirs" that can be purchased in a public washroom - athlete's foot and rubrofitii.
Athlete's foot - the same "itching and flaking"with which primarily associated fungal infection. These are two major symptoms of the disease. When examining the feet can be seen that the interdigital spaces red and covered with small cracks. If left untreated, will continue to only get worse - there are peeling, blisters, characteristic smell, shorter legs become completely unfit for consumption.
Less commonly, you can get rubrofitii. Here, the clinical picture is not so bright, but the dryness, redness and peeling have a nasty tendency to spread skin folds - up to the armpits, and women even under the breasts climb.
What to do to not get
- be sure to use their own rubber slippers that after visiting the pool (bath), washed thoroughly with soap and water;
- do not get up in the shower naked on the floor with bare feet;
- do not use other people's bathroom amenities;
- not to wear in warm weather synthetic socks (stockings and socks) and closed shoes;
- if the athlete suffered brake shoes, which went during treatment, it is best to throw it away, otherwise you can get infected again - this time on their own slippers.
If dandruff prevents you live
Know that this, too, is to blame for the fungus. However, it is impossible to catch them - it is a birthday present on the scalp of any, even the bald man as the knee. Called the fungus "pitirosporum oval", powered sebum and behaves silently. When changing the schedule of deliveries of fat - such as seborrhea, pitirosporum breaks loose and begins to multiply massively. In response to such aggression scalp is inflamed, and the epidermis (top layer of skin) - massively exfoliate. So we get "snow" and even "flakes" on the hair and clothes.
Quickly get rid of dandruff can be only in commercials, but in reality the process lasts for several months, with skin care products and medications have to be used regularly.
What to do to not get
As we have seen, this fungus lives at all, sothat our main task - to hold it in the bounds of decency. To do this, follow the scalp, pick the right shampoo and other hair care products. Best assistant in this noble cause - a dermatologist or physician-trichologist (specializing in hair disorders).
Kitten - with tummy lishaёm
As a child, you probably heard fromMom: "Do not touch the cat, it might be ringworm!", and you wondered what a horror usual with a nice yard Murka, and why it is necessary to be afraid of.
With lichens in medicine is another story. There are a number of diseases caused by completely different reasons, but it was ringworm. So, shingles is caused by the herpes virus, lichen planus - a consequence of immune and neurological disorders, about the causes of pink lichen is that there are only guesses.
Actually two fungal lichen - pityriasis and ringworm (the only one which can be transmitted by direct contact).
Meanwhile, ringworm (or trihofitia) -only one of the five species lishaёv, which can be not only to catch, but also to other people "surprise" transfer. Due to increased koshko- and sobakolyubivosti, a carrier of infection are mostly children of younger and middle-aged, as well as their parents. Especially difficult accounts mothers - women trihofitia often becomes chronic.
The clinical picture is quite typical: the skin forms an annular lesions with raised edges and red-rimmed. The hair in the lesion fungus cuts down on the vine, sometimes leaving penechki 2-3 mm. This is especially noticeable on the head, hence the name of lichen - "cutting."
Getting rid of the uninvited "volosoruba" - the processlong, with a large number of a variety of means, both internally and topically, in the form of ointments. If trihofitia nestled on the head, we have to cut out the centers once per week. Presented picture? Then carefully read the following paragraph.
What to do to not get
Never take your hands and do not iron yardcats and dogs, as if they did not look touching. The same need to explain to the children. If you suddenly notice a child circular lesions on the skin - immediately consult a dermatologist.
Through television commercials, we ratherTo learn more about the two major women's issues. The first - the critical days that the fungi have no relation. The second - a thrush, and that's about it, then we'll talk.
The official medical name of thrush -candidiasis. A further distinction has its localization - the process may be in the mouth, and the gut, and kidney. Called it the yeast fungi of the genus Candida (hence the name of the disease). What the talk in the advertising - it is vaginal candidiasis.
Unlike, say, from his fellow GI,Vaginal option rather unpleasant than dangerous. Burning and stinging, cheesy discharge (and hence the second name - "thrush") - neither like nor sit nor lie down bed with a favorite. And faced with this nuisance vast majority of women, and so many people live a lifetime - alternating periods of exacerbation and remission.
Treats vaginal candidiasis gynecologist. To him and should be treated - do smear is necessary in any case, because it is often candidiasis occurs on the background of other, negribkovykh infections, and hormonal and other failures. Even errors in diet (alcohol, leavened foods) can trigger the emergence of "curds."
Men usually do not get sick thrush. Exception - uncircumcised by men whose foreskin is present. They have all the chances to earn an inflammation of the flesh itself - the so-called candida balanoposthitis. Such a man can infect all partners, which will communicate, and they, in turn, will "podzarazhat" him. It turns out a kind of cycle of Candida in nature.
However, the nature of "taken care of" and the men,allocating them to their personal fungal pathology. only men, women suffer from jock itch - very, very seldom. The process is localized in the inguinal-femoral and mezhyagodichnoy folds, pockets tend to merge to form a single array brownish weeping. Subjectively men feel the same as that of women with vaginal candidiasis - pain, burning sensation, difficulty in walking and other forms of activity.
What to do to not get
Personal Hygiene - in the first place. Sponges, scouring pads and other accessories should be strictly personal. It is necessary to teach a partner not only to wash after intercourse, but before him. In cases of doubt and in the absence of a permanent partner to use condoms.
Do's and don'ts in the treatment of fungal infections
Here are a few not to be considered in order to once and for all get rid of any fungal scourge:
- Do not start the process. Doubt - consult a doctor, he will appoint the necessary tests and confirm or dispel your fears;
- Do not assume that «will scratch and will take place." Independently fungal infection will never disappear. But go into the chronic form - easily. And then it is extremely difficult to cure.
- Do not self-medicate. This is especially true tips "experienced" friends, or "knowing" each other. It is not the fact that you will help the agent that helped them. It is likely that the clinical picture of a greased and go into the shadows, and then see. The second is not.
- Do not throw in the middle of treatment. Unpleasant symptoms disappear rather quickly, and the fungus feels very good couple of weeks yet. And it may well organize the second wave of attack. Benchmark analysis after the course of treatment is required.
- Do not get involved in sweet during treatment. Sugar - an ideal breeding ground for the vast majority of pathogenic fungi.