In our far from perfect, the world is unlikelythere is a person who does not have on his body no scar. Scars differ in color, size, topography and texture. However, there is something that unites them - they are constantly reminded of the trauma or inflammation.
Depending on their appearance andhistological structure, scarring is divided into normotroficheskie (flush with the surrounding skin), atrophic (sink below the skin), hypertrophic (raised above the skin) and keloid (far exceed the size of the primary injury).
Normotroficheskie scars, the most "harmless". They are formed as a result of adequate reaction to trauma. Over time, they become thin, whitish, do not cause physical inconvenience to the owner. These scars tend not need correction. The exception is the aesthetic improvement of the appearance of the scar, smoothing its surface, or the acceleration of the pace of normalization of color.
Atrophic scars are often the result ofinjury and acne. The skin over the scar loose, has a transverse striations (with linear scars) scars are often devoid of pigment, and therefore appear white. The characteristic appearance of these scars is due to a defect of connective tissue under the scar, deficiency of collagen and elastin, the main proteins that form the skeleton of the skin.
Hypertrophic scars as well as keloids andrise above the surrounding skin, but, unlike the latter, it is within the lesions. They appear usually after surgery or injury resulting from inappropriate inflammation, addition of secondary infection, reduce local immune reactions, endocrine dysfunctions et al.
Keloids are formed at the site of burns, injuries, followinginflammatory processes and operations. Keloids may be active (growing) and inactive (stabilized), regardless of the passage of the scar. Most often they are localized in the ear lobe, décolleté and shoulders. Active scar grows and causes pain, itching, numbness, emotional disorder, has the form of an intense red scar, often with a bluish tint. Inactive keloid - does not grow, does not bother the patient's subjective, the color pink scar, or close to normal skin color.
At the stage of the formation of scar in advance is impossibleto predict whether this standard-setting scar or hypertrophic, or become a keloid. Therefore, all the scars should be under the supervision and control of the expert.
The sooner a patient goes to a doctor, the correction can be carried out more efficiently and more quickly.
In most cases there is a need forcombinations of two or more correction methods, their use in stages as the scar maturation. For example, using microdermabrasion or peels clean top layer of skin to then applied to the area of the scar material and artificial coating can provide a more profound effect. Applied as creams or gels, containing different active substances.
And if the scar does not heal
In the absence of a qualified treatment orhis untimely early, can begin uncontrolled growth of scar or develop a defect of connective tissue. If the scar is in the area of the joint can occur contracture limited range of motion.
Keloids after excision begin to grow even stronger.
Correction of scar
When to start the correction of the scar?
Initiate therapy and correction better immediately after the trauma, on the stage of the formation of the scar. The sooner treatment is started, the less noticeable the scar can be done.
The method of treatment of scars
How selects a method of treatment?
The choice of method depends on the phase of the rumen and localization, as well as the patient's age, gender and skin type. Taking into account the individual characteristics, the doctor selects the most effective method.
Treatment of scar correction difference
What is different from the treatment of scar correction?
At the stage of development of the rumen spend his treatment. This helps to reduce swelling, normalize blood circulation and collagen production, ensure prevention of secondary infection. And if the scar has already formed - held its correction. The doctor smooths scar height, normalizes the color and texture of the skin.
How often a patient should see a doctor?
During treatment scar 2-4 times a week, during its correction every 10-30 days.
How long it may take the scar treatment?
The younger the tripe, the less time isneeded for his treatment. From the start of therapy until the end result, for example, in the treatment of hypertrophic scar, it may require from 2 to 12 months, and atrophic scar reduction can be achieved after one treatment.
Clarification of the rumen
Is it possible to lighten the scar formed?
If the scar is red - this is due toits presence in vascular vessels excess amount. In this case, it can be discolored by treating vascular laser. At the same vessels are glued together, and the scar gradually fades. If the color change is caused by pigmentation, then it may recommend dermabrasion, peels, bleaching creams.