What is Albinism


  • Albinism and its types
  • Causes and symptoms of albinism
  • Difficulties albino people: how to deal with them

  • Albinism and its types

    Albinism - a congenital disorder,characterized by lack of skin color, hair, eyes. This disease has existed since birth, and it is the cause of the lack or absence of pigment (coloring matter). Albinism - a rare phenomenon, occurring in one out of 10,000 births in the world. This disorder is marked by different peoples in different parts of the world.

    There are six types of albinism. The most common full albinism characterized by a milky-white hair color, fine and silky their structure, white eyelashes and eyebrows, white or pale pink skin and red or pink eyes (which, depending on the lighting may appear light gray or blue). Other types of albinism are less common and are characterized by a stronger coloration of the skin, hair, eyes.

    Causes and symptoms of albinism

    Albinism appears only if bothparent, being carriers of recessive defective genes that give their child. If a couple with the same type of albinism are born children, then they will all have the same type of albinism.

    Albinism is closely associated with marriage;Studies have proven the high frequency of the presence of common ancestors in the parents of children with albinism. However, a couple of different types of albinism have a chance of having a healthy baby. All children inherited two defective gene marked reduction or total absence of tyrosinase (enzyme required for normal skin color, hair, eyes).

    Besides the already mentioned features of skin color,hair, eyes, some people with albinism are undersized. At full albinism the eyes are sensitive to light, it irritates them, rapid eye movement. Often there is an astigmatism (blurred vision, in which the child is difficult to concentrate on the vision of horizontal and vertical objects at the same time).

    Difficulties albino people: how to deal with them

    What is AlbinismAlbinism as the diagnosis is made on the basis ofinspection in the presence of a child characteristic color of the skin, hair, eyes. The diagnosis can be supplemented with laboratory tests confirming the absence of tyrosinase. Albinism can not be diagnosed before birth during fetal bladder puncture in the mother.

    Albinism often leads to visual impairmentdue to increased sensitivity to light. When the skin is damaged by sunlight normal or high intensity may experience severe burn and skin cancer. albinism Victims usually suffer from infertility and die younger than healthy.

    Treatment of albinism does not exist. However, people with albinism can adapt as much as possible in life, if you will observe the following precautions: it is very important that children with albinism have been most protected from exposure to sunlight. Outdoors, they should wear clothing which completely covers the body, use sunscreen cream or lotion, even on cloudy days. If the skin is exposed to moisture, sunscreen should be applied again.

    Before entering school child with albinism should show an ophthalmologist in order to pick up his defense (dark) glasses, or in violation of, corrective glasses or contact lenses.

    Parents who have a family formerly on albinism, must apply to genetic counseling to try to determine the possibility of genetic diseases on the basis of ancestry.

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