What is periodontal disease
Parodont - a combination of periodontal tissues,including mucosa with submucosal layer of the periosteum with bone and ligament of the tooth. With the defeat of these tissues occurs gingivitis or periodontitis, or periodontal disease.
The causes of periodontal disease are many, but they can be grouped into local and general factors.
Local causes are mainly:
- overbite, which leads to inadequate load of periodontal tissues, as well as to the deterioration of the self-cleaning of the oral cavity;
- small vestibule of the oral cavity, resulting in the omission of the gingival margin, exposure of tooth roots and bone destruction, which ultimately leads to loss of teeth;
- short frenulum of the tongue and lips, is a powerful connective tissue bands, retard gingival margin mucosa;
- the presence of plaque and tartar, containing a huge number of microbes.
What is important to know when it detects at localfactors of periodontal disease? They are initially traumatic in nature, and their timely and professional elimination of the risk of disease tends to zero.
Common factors of periodontal disease includegeneral or somatic diseases, and the earliest defeat them, as a rule, are determined in the organs and tissues of the oral cavity. Currently, more than 30 detected diseases, including a number of 100 per cent regularity. This diabetes, kidney stones, cardiovascular disease, including hypertension and coronary heart disease, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, hypo-and avitaminosis C, damage to the central nervous system, AIDS, etc. Available in patients with somatic pathology, the defining weakening the body's defenses, it creates favorable conditions for the negative impact on periodontal present in the oral microflora and other pathogens.
Treatment of periodontal disease
The goal of treatment of periodontal disease in the presence ofphysical illness - relieve symptoms, slow the further progression of the process and prevent complications. Ideally, a comprehensive approach should be applied in the diagnosis and treatment of periodontal disease: periodontal support it, and surgery, and orthopedic treatment, and if necessary - to attract the orthodontist. Only joint efforts possible to achieve stable positive results in the treatment of complex diseases such as periodontal disease and periodontal disease.
In the first place, the disease is determined by the relationshipsomatic pathology (ie. e. common disease), whereby for gum diseases are usually compounded, and treatment, respectively, is complicated. On the gums and affects reception of such medicines as aspirin, thrombotic ACC, hormones, tranquilizers, antipsychotics, and so on. D. Patients taking these drugs, you should regularly consult a periodontist. The doctor, noticing the first signs of side effects of medications, prescribe prophylactic treatment of gum than prevent the development of gingivitis and periodontitis. If only local factors contributing to the development of gum disease, is carried out purely dental treatment. It - bite correction, deepening the vestibule of the mouth, bridles extension, removal of overhanging edges of fillings, crowns replaced with overhanging edges, splinting of teeth ...
Correct bite - is not only a beautiful smile. This, first of all, a uniform distribution of the load on the chewing teeth, and through them - and periodontium. In violation of the bite of the teeth are under gipernagruzkoy, resulting in disturbed trophic (feeding) of the periodontal teeth and develop a local (local) periodontitis. On the other hand, when the crowding is disrupted the process of their natural cleaning, in some parts of stuck food residues accumulate plaque, which is developing a huge number of microbes.
Surgical treatment - when short frenulumtongue and lips, constantly pulls the gingival margin of incisors, and small-scale run-up to the mouth. In the presence of indications for these transactions does not make sense only in applications of drugs on the gums, rinses and injections. In order to achieve good, sustainable results in the treatment of any disease must be addressed not only the symptoms but also the causes. At different stages of development of periodontal disease with varying degrees of bone destruction and atrophy of the gums on a par with therapeutic measures must be carried out scrappy operations. The purpose of these interventions is to remove abnormal tissue from the tooth-gum pockets. This tissue contains a lot of bacteria that produce acids that destroy bone tissue. Instead of healthy ligament and alveolar bone is formed friable granulation tissue, increases in volume and periodontal replacement. Naturally, this tissue does not perform the function of periodontal (tissues supporting the teeth in the wells) and destroys it, leading to tooth mobility.
It should be noted that any treatmentgum disease, as well as their prevention, starting with the removal of tartar and plaque removal, mechanically injuring the gingival margin and periodontal containing a huge number of microbes, by the way, which is caused by the presence and halitosis gingivitis and periodontitis.