Pain in the stomach, to be precise - epigastric pain(So called the top floor of the abdomen at the point where the ribs come together), can be caused by a variety of pathologies. Some of them hit the upper part of the digestive system, others are simply a reflection of other organs diseases. In any case, the pain - a sign of serious problem and solve it quickly falls.
The causes of pain in the stomach
Inflammatory diseases, violation of the nervous regulation of the digestive tract, cancer pathology are the main causes of pain in the stomach. The most common causes of pain in the stomach:
- gastritis and gastric ulcer;
- polyps and cancer;
- infections of the digestive tract;
- functional disorders;
- food and chemical poisoning;
- intolerance to certain foods;
By vnezheludochnym reasons include:
- Pathology of the heart;
- spasm of the diaphragm.
Pain caused by stomach diseases
Pain caused by stomach illnesses, commonlyaccompanied and other symptoms associated with irritation of nerve receptors body. A common feature of these diseases is the nausea and vomiting, after which the patient's condition improved somewhat.
It is important to reveal the nature, exact localization of pain,their relation with the time of food intake. So, discomfort immediately after the meal talking about pathology localization in the stomach. The emergence of the pain within a few hours after a meal typical of the lesions of the duodenum.
A sharp pain resembling stab saysthe appearance of life-threatening complications of peptic ulcer - perforation (otherwise - perforation) ulcers. The pain is so intense that the patient may lose consciousness because of them. This pathological condition requires emergency delivery of the patient to the hospital for surgery to remove the body of the defect.
Pain in stomach cancer are permanent. Initially, their intensity is low enough that the misleading of the patient. The man said that he had gastritis, and makes a variety of drugs, which, however, are not very helpful. Only after appealing to gastrology turns terrible diagnosis. Often, time is lost and the situation takes on the character of the disaster.
Viral gastroenteritis - another reasonthe appearance of pain in the stomach, this time cramping. Most often they are accompanied by disorders of stool, vomiting and impaired general condition. Diagnosis of such pathologies are not much of a challenge, the treatment is carried out in conditions of infectious department.
If chemical poisoning symptomsreminiscent of the clinical picture of acute gastritis. Strongest epigastric pain accompanied by excruciating vomiting and severe impairment of general condition. Sometimes, there may come a painful shock, often leading to the death of a patient.
In congenital lactose intolerance painIt occurs at the use of dairy products. In this case, it is accompanied by bloating, diarrhea and vomiting. Exclusion from the diet of foods containing lactose, relieves the patient from all the unpleasant sensations.
Pain in the stomach, caused by reasons vnezheludochnymi
Perhaps the most frequent vnezheludochnym diseasein which there are epigastric pain is pancreatitis. Acute inflammation of the pancreas causes severe pain in the upper abdomen floor. They are accompanied by repeated vomiting indomitable, after which the patient does not become easier. Suffering and the general condition of the patient: blood pressure falls, there is a collapse, and in severe cases - and toxic shock syndrome.
The pain may be localized in the stomach andacute appendicitis in the first hours of its development. This is due to the fact that the appendix and stomach innervate the same nerves. However, a few hours later the pain usually moves to the right lower abdomen, and symptoms of appendicitis becomes classic.
Severe pain in the stomach area, and characterizedstratification of an aortic aneurysm. Their intensity is so high that the patient loses consciousness. This is a dangerous disease, characterized by a high mortality rate.
Finally, there is an atypical form of heart attack,where from there are no feelings of the heart. Instead, there are pains in the stomach, extending to the back. In addition, the opportunity to express weakness, once or twice vomiting, pallor, sweating. Sometimes the symptoms are strongly reminiscent of the clinic of acute pancreatitis. Electrocardiographic examination, mandatory in such cases, allows to recognize a heart attack and assign the correct treatment.