Bedsores in the strict sense are not
disorder associated with damage to the skin from contact with the bed. it
disorder occurs due to pressure on the bone skin. When a person without movement
is long in one place, those parts of the body where the bones are located close to the
skin become red and sore. This is due to compression of the skin on one side
bone, on the other - the bed. As a result of compression appear
irritation and inflammation of the skin.
Decubitus, in fact, do not meet this
The medical term. They develop not only in humans, bedridden.
People who spend a lot of time in an armchair on wheels, are also affected by these
disorders, because certain parts of the body, particularly in
buttocks, they feel even more pressure.
In the early stages of pressure ulcers, which are properly called
wounds or sores due to pressure, looks like reddened slightly
swollen skin that does not heal. If left untreated,
damage increase. Typically, the skin begins to crack, form open
wounds and associated infection. In very severe cases, there is a
destruction of tissues that are exposed muscle and bone.
Undoubtedly, pressure ulcers are usually seen in patients,
bedridden. Any person who is in a few weeks
hospital or even spends a few days at home in bed during the flu can
bedsores start - in the form of redness. Education can bedsores
even start one hour after the crushing of the skin, and the position will be
all complicated, which causes friction and irritation of the skin: lack of hygiene,
urinary incontinence, circulatory disorders, abrasions associated with the efforts of
while movements in bed. With all of these disorders must face
Seriously ill people. Pressure sores usually occur in the back, rump and
buttocks. But they can also occur on the knees, ankles, heels and back of the head.
bowl Bedsores occur in older people, because
they are less mobile have thinner skin and it is less capable of
to resist the pressure.
Treatment and prevention of pressure ulcers
The most favorable time for the treatment of pressure ulcers -
this is the stage that precedes the formation of bubbles. If education was
bubble, should be prepared for the duration of treatment. These wounds heal very
slow, and recovery periods are calculated, not days and weeks.
Of course, it is best to prevent the formation of
bedsores. Skin is necessary to continuously monitor the patient lying to
it is not subjected to stimulation. Where there is evidence of bedsores education
The following measures should be taken.
Eliminate pressure. Reducing pressure
in defeat - this is the most important thing you can do. AT
Specifically, a lying person to be rotated from one side to the other if
bedsores are marked on the back. If the person using the wheelchair
stroller, formed bedsores and the buttocks, put him to bed on his side
or stomach as long as it will not heal ulcers.
Keep track of the movements. Most change
body position. If a person is able to move independently, watch,
so he changed his body position every 15 minutes. If the person for whom you
caring, can not move, rotate it to a new location at least
every hour (when the patient is in the chair), or every two hours
(If he is in bed).
Use inflatable mattress. An inflatable mattress with pump under the bed
It is a much better way to reduce the pressure. You can then swap, the
Treat bedsores by appropriate
dressings. Decubitus first treated with saline. Then
adhesive is applied to a wound dressing made of transparent film. It remains
on a wound up to four days. The fact is that special substances are formed in the body - growth factors. They promote wound healing. If you change the bandage
every day, and these substances are removed from the skin before they have time
express themselves in action. Hermetic bandage provides reliable contact
growth factors and accelerates wound healing.
Use caution when caring for
patients. In people suffering from urinary incontinence, and bedridden patients
the likelihood of pressure ulcers is several times higher than that of ordinary people,
because the urine and feces have an irritating effect on the skin. These people need
careful skin care. While taking care of them, use tools, specifically
intended for washing and rubbing of the skin in cases of urinary incontinence.
Watch out for power to maintain the skin in
healthy. The first thing that strikes patients with
bedsores - this depletion. The skin is the body that takes the most
a large space in the body. Like other authorities, it is also subject to
seriously damaged Mr. iyam when not receiving sufficient amount of a nutrient
substances. To nourish the skin. Drink every day for at least eight glasses
water and follow a balanced diet with plenty of protein. Protein
reducing material is in the body, it is essential for
maintaining a healthy skin.
Take vitamin C. research
show that taking of vitamin C in an amount of 500 mg twice a day
It reduces the damaged area with bedsores up to 84%. But before the
therapy with vitamin C to get your doctor's approval.