Caring for patients with infection
When caring for a person sufferinginfectious disease, you should take precautions to avoid infecting pathogens. If the patient is a danger to others, it is placed in a specialized hospital, but harmless disease, doctors recommend bed rest and treatment at home. Many diseases caused by pathogens, accompanied by severe intoxication, which manifests itself in the form of nausea, vomiting, dyspepsia, weakness, migraine headache. When brain damage and central nervous system, the patient may receive a mental disorder. Features of infectious diseases is that the state of a person can change dramatically throughout the day. You should carefully monitor your ward to spot trouble signs.
According to currently acceptedclassification of all bacterial and viral diseases are divided into intestinal (infection occurs through food and contact with a patient), respiratory (transmitted by droplet infection and infecting organs of the respiratory system), infection of blood (eg, malaria), as well as the skin, under which transmission of pathogens transmitted by contact epidermal and mucosal surfaces. Caring for the infected person is in compliance with elementary hygiene standards, the implementation of all procedures and manipulations prescribed by your doctor. Moreover, there are specific regulations relating to the prevention of infection.
Does your ward have to beSeparate dishes, which should be washed using special disinfectants. The patient should be placed in a separate room, after a visit which should be carefully handle hands and face. Bed and underwear infected wash separately from other items or boil. If the patient is not allergic to disinfectants, twice a day spend in his room cleaning using these funds. In order not to be infected, before any manipulation procedures and wear a headscarf and a sterile gauze bandage and closed coat. After completing all required actions change your clothes and wash your hands. With flu and other viral diseases transmitted by airborne droplets, 2 times a day, bury his nose interferon or preparation of a similar action. This recommendation applies to all persons living in the same apartment with the patient. A good result also provides the use of oxolinic ointment, im munomodulyatorov combined with complex multivitamins.
If the infection is manifested as skinpathologies, change underwear underwear patient 2-3 times a day, do not forget to treat the surface of the epidermis means prescribed by your doctor. To prevent contamination, wear disposable rubber or plastic gloves before beginning manipulations. Ventilate the room at least 2 times a day. In summer you can leave the window open in winter it is desirable to avoid drafts and hypothermia. If the patient has a fever, consult a doctor and take action to reduce it. In feverish conditions often seen sweating. Carefully watch your ward, do not forget to change his clothes, when it becomes wet.
Bacterial and viral respiratorythe disease is usually accompanied by abundant separation of mucus from the nasal passages. Make sure that the nose of the patient did not accumulate dense crust, makes breathing more difficult. Several times a day, clean the airways with a cotton swab moistened with sterile oil or recommended by a doctor of medicine. Lips of the patient can be lubricated with baby cream or pharmacy glycerin. If your ward complaining of dry mouth, give him a warm drink through a straw or a teaspoon. At disturbances of consciousness moisten the lips and mouth with distilled water or a weak solution of furatsilina saline. After consultation with the doctor, you can use a weak disinfectants (eg, hydrogen peroxide), which reduces the chance of developing sores and gum disease.
Of great importance is the correct carethe eyes of the patient. Most infectious diseases are accompanied by various pathologies of the conjunctiva and mucous membranes of the upper and lower eyelids. To prevent serious complications, reduce the lighting in the room, close the windows with thick curtains. For regular use eyewash prescribed by the doctor disinfecting and anti-inflammatory solutions and ointments with antibiotics. Usually in severe diseases, depending on the nature of the disease and the degree of internal organ involvement, the patient is assigned to a special diet. The daily diet should contain enough vitamins and easily digestible nutrients; salt and flavorings should be limited or excluded. Under the ban often also are sharp, fried, very fatty food (to prevent malfunctions of the digestive system). In order to improve kidney function, doctors recommend give the patient more drinking. In addition to plain water, offer your ward diluted fruit juices, fruit drinks from the berries and dried fruits, cranberry juice or cranberry. Decoctions of herbs can be used only after consultation with a specialist.
To speed up the healing process byinfectious disease, the patient may be given pharmacological agents having immunomodulatory activity. Because these drugs are usually prescribed in small doses, be careful not to exceed the concentration specified in the recipe. Homeopathic medicines give dropwise or in the form of granules under the tongue.