Male menopause: What is andropause?


AndropauseHow often we hear the term "male menopause"? What is the androgen deficiency?

V2005 g ISSAM (International Society for the Study of Aging and Health in men) was proposed term, reflecting the decline in sex hormones in men - andropause.

The main male sex hormone in menis testosterone, which is rightly called the "king" of hormones. While testosterone is normal, and no problems arise: a lovely atmosphere in the family, an excellent quality of life, there is no worsening of chronic diseases.

As soon as the reduction in testosterone -many problems may arise: obesity, and with it the increase in blood pressure, impaired carbohydrate tolerance, which leads to the development of diabetes mellitus, quality of life suffers.

Testosterone exerts its influence on manyorgans and systems, namely, provides differentiation of sexual organs, supports the maturation of sperm forms of libido (sexual desire) and potency, sexual behavior, differentiation of sex characteristics, affects the skeletal system, ensures the growth of muscle tissue, stimulates blood formation, determines the development of secondary sexual characteristics (pubic hair growth, hair growth on the face), thickening of the vocal cords (voice pitch), the distribution of adipose tissue.

Decrease of total testosterone maybegin with 35 years of age, and with it, gradually begin to develop signs of age-related androgen deficiency. First occurrence of age-related androgen deficiency in blood testosterone levels may be normal, but the clinical manifestations are already beginning to emerge.

AndropauseAppears fatigue, there is a changemood, often with a tendency to depression, reduced memory, disturbed sleep. Along with such "small" displays, there may be palpitations, pain in the heart of various kinds, increased blood pressure, there are "tides", increased sweating, indicating a lesion of the autonomic nervous system. Wrinkles, dry skin, hair growth diminishes the secondary, there is hyperpigmentation of the skin. Later signs include decreased libido, deterioration of an erection, disruption of spermatogenesis, which leads to infertility, there is abdominal (visceral) obesity, increased mammary (breast) cancer, there is anemia, changes the hormonal spectrum deteriorating for chronic conditions that existed at the man: cardiovascular, endocrine disorders, lung diseases, osteoporosis progresses (broken bone structure), which can be accompanied by fractures and many other changes.

Treatment of age-related androgen deficiency performed very successfully. Of course, therapy is carried out strictly individually, under the supervision of the attending physician.

As a result, recovery of lost quality of life, normal blood pressure, body weight, normal blood sugar, improve fat metabolism.

Deputy Chief Physician

the medical unit

doctor of the highest category VM Perov

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