human kidney is the organ of our body fluids filtration.
Bad for us and liquid substances from the blood through a special system
capillaries (the smallest blood vessels of the circulatory system), which
It called a glomerulus (glomeruli) in the kidney fall
capsule, and has many of the renal capsule - in kidney, where
collected and displayed in the form of urine. As a result of repeated or
Prolonged contact with the infection may fail in the immune system,
and she begins to act against our own cells in
in the walls of glomeruli (glomerulus). As a result of kidney
inflammation develops autoimmune nature, it affects kidney
glomeruli, i.e. body waste transport system in the kidney itself. it
disease called glomerulonephritis (from Greek nephros -. Kidney,
novolat. glomerulus - a ball).
What does it happen
glomerulonephritis can develop after a previous infection, usually
streptococcal (sore throat, tonsillitis, now rarely found
scarlet fever). The disease can develop after other infections -
bacterial, viral, parasitic, at least - as a result of
serums, vaccines or drugs. Also, according to research
recent years, glomerulonephritis closely associated with hypertension.
If after 1-3 weeks after you have had a sore throat, inflammation
lung, tonsillitis or any other infectious disease, you
began headaches, fever, blood pressure jumped
with all the relevant symptoms, it is possible that you have a sharp
glomerulonephritis. At the same time due to the failure of the kidneys filtering system
liquid is withdrawn from the body in the normal mode, which results
to edema, and consequently may cause cardiac asthma
and pulmonary edema. Often in acute glomerulonephritis decreases
urination, and she takes urine color "meat slops", ie
shown gross hematuria. Can begin abdominal pain and lower back,
and even vomiting. It is much less pronounced symptoms of chronic
glomerulonephritis, which can drag on for years, but the result
in the absence of treatment is always sad - acute heart or kidney failure.
The diagnosis of glomerulonephritis
At the first sign of the disease should consult a doctor-urologist.
For an exact definition of the disease is necessary blood tests
and urine, but a crucial method of diagnosis of glomerulonephritis is a kidney biopsy.
Prevention of glomerulonephritis
People sick with chronic glomerulonephritis, he banned
long trips, night shifts, work with toxic
and other harmful substances. High blood pressure,
signs of chronic renal failure threaten human translation
a group of disability or with limited total ban on labor
activity. To prevent the need to glorumelonefrita
promptly treat any inflammation, especially in the tonsils,
and respiratory organs. Prevention is also the treatment of intestinal