Urethritis, diagnosis of urethritis
Urethritis - an inflammation of the urethra.
Urethritis occurs in both men and women. Urethritis are divided into two
groups: specific and non-specific urethritis. specific
urethritis are caused by sexually transmitted infections (STIs -
gonococcus, herpes simplex virus, chlamydia, trichomonas,
mycoplasma, ureaplasma, rarely gardnerella. Non-specific urethritis
caused by conditionally pathogenic microflora - streptococci,
staphylococci, E. coli, Proteus, different fungi.
Also, urethritis can be primary and secondary.
In primary urethritis inflammatory process begins
directly to the urethra. In secondary urethritis
the infection enters the urethra from the inflammatory center, existing in
other organs (prostate, bladder, seminal vesicles
- Common diseases
- Sexually promiscuous
The symptoms of urethritis:
- frequent, painful urination;
- discharge (pus, mucus);
- mandatory (imperative) urge to urinate up to
non-withholding of urine. In acute urethritis picture of the disease is more pronounced than in chronic.
Signs of urethritis are painful
urinating and pus from the urethra,
redness and sticking the edges of its external opening. also shown
urethritis rezyu, burning, itching or any other discomfort during
Urethritis may occur without discharge from
urethra only discomfort when urinating. In men,
because of anatomical features (a long and narrow urethra) more
acutely felt symptoms of urethritis. In women, the symptoms of urethritis
less pronounced and may even go unnoticed.
In acute urethritis - a burning sensation and pain at
urination, copious discharge from the urethra, the sponge
urethra bright red, edematous.
When torpid urethritis - subjective disorders are mild,
may be absent: paresthesia, itching in the urethra,
meager selection. In chronic urethritis symptoms similar to
clinical manifestations of torpid urethritis.
Total urethritis is just inflammation
urethra. Symptoms are similar to those of total urethritis
symptoms of prostatitis. If timely treatment is not carried out
urethritis, then after a while the symptoms may disappear themselves
a. And as a rule, every next exacerbation passes more
visible symptoms of urethritis. In the next step develop
complications of urethritis.
In men, urethritis often becomes inflamed
prostate (prostatitis). When chlamydial urethritis and viral
urethritis may develop Reiter's syndrome. It is also observed
urethritis following complications: inflammation of the seminal vesicles
(Vesicles), inflammation of the testicles (orchitis), balanitis and balanoposthitis, narrowing
urethra (urethral stricture). Women often
urethritis enters bladder inflammation (cystitis), or is
violation of the microflora of the vagina, and other inflammatory diseases
Diagnosis of nonspecific urethritis includes:
- general smear;
- crop discharge from the urethra,
- study of prostate cancer (prostate)
- Ultrasound investigation of the secret of the prostate (prostate).
urethritis treatment in most cases is reduced to
prescription of antibiotics active against pathogen isolated
at planting and the use of various means of immunotherapy. at
identifying signs of prostatitis treatment of prostatitis is necessary. at
combined with urethritis cystitis conducted comprehensive treatment,
including physiotherapy. Local treatment is carried out mainly urethritis
in chronic gonorrheal urethritis and apply instillation
urethra solutions of silver nitrate solution or colloid silver.
any type of urethritis, you must drink plenty of liquids, strict observance
diet (with the exception of alcohol, spicy and salty foods). The total course of treatment
urethritis can last from several days to several weeks,
It depends on the severity of the disease and its stage.
It is much easier to prevent than to cure. Therefore, for the prevention
urethritis is important to observe good personal hygiene, sexual health and
promptly treat various inflammatory and infectious general
disease. In casual relationships need to use a condom
and barrier means. For the prevention of urethritis should be regularly
to be tested for sexually transmitted infections (STIs).