What is thrush
The scientific name of yeast -
candidiasis. This title has received this disease because often
all it is the causative agent of yeast fungus Candida albicans (which
in Latin means white Candida). The main symptoms
candidiasis: vaginal itching, irritation, discomfort, "cheese" discharge from the genitals.
women are carriers of Candida albicans. Usually the yeast
fungus may be in different parts of the female organism: in the skin,
However, it does not usually cause any
problems because of its limited quantity and development of the whole
a number of factors. For example, it was found that a lot of beneficial bacteria
people who inhabit his mouth, digestive tract and
vagina with fungal growth restrict each other, supporting
thus a certain balance. Furthermore, the growth of fungus in the vagina
limited by the presence of acidic medium. Another important factor,
which controls the number of Candida in our body, of course,
It is the immune system.
However, under certain conditions
the natural balance is disturbed and uncontrolled growth begins and
the spread of yeast by the vaginal mucosa. AT
result is damage to the mucosa in women and
there are the typical symptoms of yeast infection - itching, irritation, discomfort,
a painful swelling and redness in the area of the external genitalia,
abundant leucorrhoea, "cheese" vaginal discharge, etc.
Vaginal candidiasis - an extremely common disease.
Most women at least once in their life suffer. Some suffer
only once, while others often develops reinfection.
Most women say that is the most painful first
disease, because in this case they do not immediately understand the cause and
the nature of the problem. Sometimes the infection affects other areas:
mouth, skin folds under the breasts, groin and even the navel.
Causes of thrush
In each case, it is difficult to determine what exactly was
the cause of thrush. However, today it is possible to identify a number
factors that often lead to the development of candidiasis.
Weakened immune system. Severe illness or medication use,
suppress the immune system, leading to decreased immunity Thrights and
2. The use of antibiotics. Powerful
broad-spectrum antibiotics kill harmful bacteria, so
and useful. As a result of antibiotic treatment of bacterial infections in
Human usually imbalance between bacteria and fungi.
which leads to the development of candidiasis.
birth control pills. Natural human hormones involved in
Control the number of fungi. The use of birth control pills,
containing hormones, can affect the normal levels of hormones in
the body and determine the development of thrush. For this reason, many
sick women just before or during menstruation
pregnancy, when changes the hormonal status of the organism.
Diabetes. If you have diabetes increases in blood sugar and urine. it
leads to an increase in sugar vaginal fluid (secretions)
reduction of acidity that contributes to the development of Candida.
Tight clothing. If you wear tight clothing in the folds of the skin increases
temperature and humidity, which promotes the development of fungi.
The infection of the intestine. Candida albicans is often found in the intestines.
Therefore, due to non-compliance with hygiene after defecation from fungus
the intestine can easily get into the vagina and cause disease.
Infection during sexual intercourse. Thrush - this is not a sexually transmitted disease.
However, it damaged during intercourse and vaginal mucosa
It increases the risk of disease. In men thrush can be no
symptoms. Therefore, if you are successfully cured of thrush, but soon
sick again, that your partner also needs to heal.
What are the symptoms of thrush
The main symptoms of thrush are:
- Itching in and around the vagina - is the most common and unpleasant
manifestation of thrush, which can be so strong that
causing nerve irritation.
- Soreness. If the tender vaginal mucosa becomes inflamed, then you may feel pain.
- Vaginal discharge. As a rule, there is always a healthy woman
small allocation. But when they become abundant thrush, usually
white cheese resembling, but not unpleasant odor.
- Burning sensation when urinating. Burning occurs due to contact with urine for inflamed areas of the vagina.
- Pain during intercourse. If the tender covers the vagina is inflamed, it becomes painful sexual intercourse.
Since thrush is caused by the fungus Candida, is to treat it
used antifungal agents. Traditionally, they are used in the form of
vaginal creams and suppositories. However, the use of the latter
It is causing a lot of inconvenience, since these funds are used only
locally in the evening before bedtime.
Furthermore, such treatment is necessary for
a sufficiently long period of time to facilitate the manifestations
disease. So now for the treatment of thrush is most often used
oral means in the form of capsules, which are used inside. They are
usually taken only once, and after a few days
the symptoms go away.
Note, however, that ultimately the effective and correct treatment can only assign a specialist - your doctor!
Prevention methods thrush
- Wear underwear made of cotton, try to be sufficiently
loose clothing that it provides ventilation and breath your
- Avoid excessive use of perfumed
tampons, pads, bath additives, and vaginal deodorants. Their
flavoring can disrupt the delicate mucosal
vagina and promote the development of infection;
- Do not use tampons and pads longer than a certain period of time;
- After a bowel movement, adhering to hygiene wipes to use
direction from the vagina to the anus. This will protect you from
fungal infection of the intestine;
- When you have sex, use a condom. Its use will not only protect you from AIDS, but also from a fungal infection.