What is hepatitis D


  • What is hepatitis D
  • Hepatitis D, diagnosis and treatment

  • What is hepatitis D

    Hepatitis D is a liver disease caused by a virus
    Hepatitis D. The causative agent of this form of the disease has a defect that
    does not allow him to multiply in the human body - for
    It needs to participate an assistant virus. Such an assistant for
    It serves the hepatitis virus in. The resulting tandem -
    Hepatitis D in combination with hepatitis B - causes quite severe

    Infection most often happens when transfusions
    blood, through the syringes of drug addicts. Possible sex transfer path,
    And also getting a virus from mother to the fetus. All persons infected
    Hepatitis B virus, susceptible to hepatitis D.

    Situations at which infection occurs most often:

    • What is hepatitis DTransfusion
      Donor blood. Worldwide on average 0,01-2% of donors are
      carriers of hepatitis viruses, so currently donor blood
      Before transfusion, the recipient is examined for hepatitis viruses.
      The risk of infection rises in people who need repeat
      blood transfusions or preparations.
    • Using one needle with different people many times increases the risk of infection with hepatitis B and D.
    • Viruses B, C, D, G can be transmitted during sexual contact. Most often hepatitis is transferred to.
    • Way
      infection from mother to child (doctors call it «vertical»)
      observed not so often. Risk rises if a woman has an active
      The form of the virus or in recent months of pregnancy suffered sharp
      hepatitis. The probability of fetal infection sharply increases if Mother,
      In addition to the hepatitis virus, has HIV infection. With milk mother virus
      Hepatitis is not transmitted.
    • Hepatitis B and D viruses are transmitted when applying a tattoo, acupuncture, piercing by the ears by non-sterile needles.

    In 40% of cases, the source of infection remains unknown.

    infection with hepatitis B and D viruses occurs simultaneously. From moment
    infection to the development of the disease passes, as in hepatitis in 1.5-6
    months. Clinical picture and laboratory data are the same as Hepatitis B. However, with a mixed infection, severe forms of the disease prevail, often leading to cirrhosis. Doctors converge on the fact that the forecast for this disease is often unfavorable.

    Hepatitis D, diagnosis and treatment

    and the treatment of sharp hepatitis B and D will be renovated by a infectious,
    Chronic hepatitis - hepatologist or gastroenterologist.

    The main thing
    The criterion for diagnosis is laboratory indicators:
    Specific markers of hepatitis viruses, changes in biochemical
    blood indicators.

    Treatment of acute hepatitis D should
    held in hospital. It requires an integrated approach and depends
    from the stage and severity of the disease. When hepatitis D applies the same
    Preparations as hepatitis B, in particular, alpha interferon.

    Hepatitis D can end both recovery and transition
    in chronic shape. Subject to the implementation of medical recommendations,
    relating to labor and recreation, nutrition, psycho-emotional
    loads, as well as reception of drugs can be achieved more
    easy course of the disease and delay the development of liver cirrhosis.

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