Cachexia - term meaning the overall exhaustion of the body under a number of severe diseases, including malignant tumors.
Cachexia is found in almost all malignant tumors, but most often, consistently according to the degree of importance - when cancer of the stomach, pancreas, colon, prostate gland, light, breast, non-Hodgkinsky lymphomas and various sarcoma.
Cancer cachexia is characterized by intense exhaustion of adipose tissue, muscle and visceral proteins, which leads to a decrease in the energy reserves of the body. This state of catabolism is accompanied by a significant decrease in body weight.
The main causes that cause weight loss in oncological patients:
- lack of appetite;
- Changes in taste and olfactory sensations;
- Reducing the digestibility of food;
- obstruction of the tumor of the gastrointestinal tract;
- psychological factors;
- Violation of metabolism: proteins, fats, carbohydrates;
- increased energy consumption;
- change of hormonal profile;
- Violation of the water and electrolyte balance.