What is a clergy?
(Cerebral palsy) is a disease of the central nervous system in which
There is a defeat of one (or several) brain departments, in
resulting in not progressive violations of the motor and
muscular activity, coordination of movements, vision functions, hearing, and
also speeches and psyche.
The main causes of cerebral pals are associated with hypoxia,
That is, with failure to supply the brain of the fetus during
pregnancy or newborn in kinds of oxygen. Forms of cerebral and degree
The severity of the disease establishes a neuropathologist.
At easy degree
Baby teach, able to move independently, owns
Average degree requires additional
Aid from adults.
Children with severe cerebral palsy
depend on the surrounding, intellectual development fluctuates between
moderate and severe degree of mental retardation.
Parents of the sick baby should be ready to be ready for the very first problems that their child will face will be:
Pronounced violations in the motor sphere.
Insufficient speech development, and in some cases a complete absence of speech.
Little stock of knowledge about the phenomena of the surrounding world.
Of course, alone, the family will be very difficult to cope with the fallen
on its share of the test, and the success of rehabilitation will largely depend on
Coherence and agreed work of various specialists. However, they
occupy the position of consultants and assistants, and the leading role in this
time-consuming and long-term process is still given to the closest and
native to kid to people.
I am myself!
Unfortunately, in some families, the baby with cerebral palsy is initially allocated
Position so-called «Weight vessel». Actions of parents
are reduced only to protect your child from «Doodles»
Exterior environmental impacts.
With this approach, children are usually with
Large difficulty adapt to self-adulthood. IN
The family circle they get used to the fact that the constant, everyday help
becomes an integral part of their being.
Of course, kids with violations
The musculoskeletal system requires greater support from
adults than ordinary, but you can not forget that unlimited and
Impossible help often leads to a passive lifestyle,
lack of initiative.
In addition, a child brought up by such
a persistent consumer relation to all
others (and they are unlikely to come to the aid of the first call). Here
why it is very important that the crumbs always have direct responsibilities for
which only meets himself.
For example, during cleaning it can
wipe dust, and if my mother ishes the dishes, - to put down near and wash
Puppet service. There are aquarium at home? Then baby can feed fish.
And maybe it will be happy to water the flowers on the windowsill.
The main thing is that parents do not forget to praise him even for the slightest
manifestation of activity and in no case showed their
discontent - even if traces «Stormy activities» Little owner
We will have to eliminate several hours. This is the very case when
Patience and certain dedication of adults are beneficial
For example, independent dressing contributes to strengthening
Muscles of the hands, development of coordination of movements and orientation in space,
even allows you to enrich the active vocabulary. First, let Kroha
she cares for a walk doll or a teddy bear and at the same time will explain mom,
what and how he does.
Adult task - encourage child not
only one-two-sided suggestions, but also full deployed
phrases. Over time, his speech will change, and with each attempt
statements will be more like those he hears from parents.
Subsequently, the baby can be entrusted to put on their own hat or fasten «Velcroe» on boots.
Go for a walk
Walk is a very important event, and it requires preliminary
Preparation. To begin with, you can introduce a child with a terrain, clarify
the location of various structures on the playground, watch with
Parties as other children play. Do not immediately include crumb
For some time he can just be near
playing to get used to unfamiliar people, adapt to the new
Situation. Then the baby can offer his help to children who
younger than it. For example, if a neighbor girl does not work
Sand Kulik, and he has long learned to make wonderful kulichs.
Unfortunately, an attempt to get acquainted with children in the yard is far from
Always ends successfully. If the baby fails, the kid closes,
loses confidence and refuses any actions in general.
Similar position can be fixed, «Loop» Traumatic situations B
calm atmosphere. For example, with the help of a home puppet theater.
The dramatization allows you to experiment with different reactions in
Reply to traumatic moments and choose the most rational type
Behavior. But if such attempts cause protest from the kid, not
need to insist. It is better to postpone the game for a while and return to
her when a child himself will be ready for this.
Communication in a guest
The disadvantage in contacts with peers can be replenished by visiting
Familiar and friends. For visits, it is best to choose the morning clock or
time after dinner sleep when the baby is enough cheerful and did not have time
However, if the crumb, barely crossing
the threshold of someone else's house, suddenly flooded with unrestrained cry, disappeared not
costs. How to dedicate that it will be possible to distract it with bright toys or
fun games with other children.
Hardly having so strong focus
overexcitation, kid can instantly switch to another species
activities. And his negative surrounding environment says
only about the fact that at this time the child is not yet ready to accept
changed conditions as a safe circumstance. In this case
Parents costs from time to time to invite buddies to themselves in
the house so that the baby is easier to get used to new people and include them in
Circle of your loved ones.
As a rule, children with CNS diseases
Good feel good attitude towards ourselves and themselves stretch to the sincere,
Open people. Having a high sensitivity of the nervous system, they
Easily adopt an emotional surrounding background and react
accordingly. First of all, such kids notice the timbre and
intonation of the voice, and in the last - listen to the information
parts of what is said.
I'm not alone
In the development of any child once, this stage occurs when he
It becomes little communication only in the home environment (with parents, grandmother
or nanny) and he needs contacts in the children's team. I.e
It's time to go to kindergarten. This moment, important and for
Healthy children, is of particular importance for kid with cerebral palsy.
Relationships with peers in preschool childhood, as a rule,
become the basis for the formation of further communication skills and
socialization in society.
In major cities there are centers where reoxoite with cerebral palsy are studying.
These can be separate groups for children with disabilities in development in
Mass kindergartens, where toddlers take not only with violation
musculoskeletal system, but also with mental retardationand I
or with intellectual failure.
However, such agencies are not
specialize in social adaptation of disabled children, and kids with
Press does not always receive proper help there. Much more efficiently work
In this direction, specialized rehabilitation centers.
Here, reoxoites with cerebral palsy help solve the problem
loneliness and fear of others, teach an understanding that,
despite many restrictions, together can be achieved
results, and you can communicate not only with the help of words.
At the request of parents, kids can be in the center or only
day or around the clock. The round-the-clock option will suit the children,
Transportation of which causes special difficulty due to heavy
In other cases, it is much more useful to visit
Full stay groups. After all, being in the center of the day, the child
limited in cooperation with the outside world, and this is not the best way
reflected on his ability to social adaptation.
And one more important
Moment: Talking in the Center, Kroch must understand what is outside
Home focus only because it is learning - to communicate and play, independently solve certain tasks. Parents are obliged to pay special attention to this aspect.