Children with Down Syndrome. Opportunities for social adaptation. Part 2


  • Focus on international experience
  • We use new learning methods
  • Special profile
  • Relationship with parents, with peers
  • After school
  • Family experience

  • Children with Down syndrome. Opportunities for social adaptation. Part 2

    Focus on international experience

    One of the coming of our time is amazing progress in developing and
    practical application of new methods of teaching children with a lag
    Mental Development.

    First of all, it

    «Early pedagogical assistance»
    these children from birth to 4 - 5 years (and their parents) and mentioned above «Integrated education» - Education and training of these children in
    district kindergartens and schools in the environment normally developing

    Parents and teachers began to be better conscious
    such guys in love, attention, promotion; They were convinced that these
    Children can, as well as others, with benefit to learn at school,
    Actively relax and participate in society.

    One of the consequences
    such progress in civilized countries is that all children with
    Down syndrome is brought up in families, and not in special institutions
    Outside home.

    Many of them visit ordinary schools where learn to read and
    write. Most adults with Down syndrome have a job, find
    friends and partners can lead a full and fairly independent
    Life among ordinary people. Our country - while at the beginning of this path.

    We use new learning methods

    The growth in the popularity of early pedagogical care programs is due
    The results of their implementation. Comparative studies have shown that
    Children with whom they were engaged in such programs, by the time of arrival
    in kindergarten and to school knew how much more than those whom they are not

    Many children began to visit ordinary local schools where they study
    In general grades on individual programs. According to research,
    All children show the best progress in education in terms of integration.

    Being among typical developed peers, a special child receives
    Examples of a normal, appropriate age. Visiting school
    at the place of residence, these children have the opportunity to develop
    Relationship with children living next door. Visit usual
    schools is a key step towards integration into the life of a local society and
    Societies in general.

    Children with medium and even with severe violations learn to read and
    write, communicate with them surrounding them "Healthy" people. They are seized
    these skills are not because they give some

    «medicine», And because,
    that they were taught what you need, when you need, and so, as you need.

    Our country also creates the centers of early pedagogical assistance and
    Attempts to integrated education such children begin. In 1998
    The Ministry of Education of Russia recommended that widespread use
    Early PedagChildren with Down syndrome. Opportunities for social adaptation. Part 2Ohic assistance to children with deviations in development «Small steps», Authors: M. St. Petersburg, R. Trilor.

    Special profile

    It is impossible to say that children with Down syndrome are just behind in their
    overall development and thus need only in a simplified program.
    They have a certain

    «Profile of trainee» with characteristic strong and
    Last sides.

    Knowledge of factors that make it easier or make it difficult
    learning allows teachers better to make plans and select
    tasks, and more successfully work on their implementation.

    Intect, the characteristic «Profile of trainee» and
    Receptions successful in teaching children with Down syndrome, along with
    individual abilities, hobbies and features of each

    Education of children with Down syndrome relies on their strengths:
    good visual perception and ability to visual learning,
    including the ability to learn and use signs, gestures and visual
    manuals; ability to learn written text and use it;
    ability to learn from the example of peers and adults, desire
    copy their behavior; ability to study on materials
    individual curriculum and practical classes.

    Relationship with parents, with peers

    Emotionally children with Down syndrome do not differ from their
    Healthy peers. Due to more limited than

    «ordinary» Children,
    Communication circle, children with Down syndrome are more attached to parents.
    Friendly relationships with peers are special for such children
    value. Imitating them, children with Down syndrome can learn how to lead
    yourself in domestic situations how to play how to ride,

    In order to establish positive, friendly relations between
    children with disabilities and normally developing peers should
    Conducted programs for mutual support and patronage of students and involvement
    children with disabilities in extracurricular activities - mugs, sections, etc.

    mutual support programs normally developing children help
    disabled children perform tasks, prepare for «Control»,
    participate in other class and extracurricular activities and events and

    This is primarily important for «Healthy» children because it creates
    Favorable learning environment for all children. Experience shows that Children with Down syndrome. Opportunities for social adaptation. Part 2exactly
    So approved the priority of universal values, free
    Personal development, citizenship, tolerance is brought up,
    Respect for human rights and freedoms.

    After school

    In democratic countries, many young people with Down syndrome
    After graduation, primary vocational education,
    to one degree or another corresponding to their interests and opportunities. This is
    allows them to find work in a wide variety of areas.

    They can
    work as assistants of educators in kindergartens, medium helpers
    medical personnel in clinics and social institutions
    Various technical work in offices (especially well mastered work
    on the computer), work in the service sector - cafes, supermarkets and
    Videos, as well as to keep another professional activity.

    There are cases when people with Down syndrome are engaged in creativity in
    Fine art, music, choreography, theater and cinema.
    In 1997, the actor with Down Syndrome Pascal Duchen received on Cannes
    Festival The main prize for execution of the best male role!

    Family experience

    «Duckling knows how to fly, and I - no. He has wings, and I have no.
    He has a long nose, and I have a short. Duckling knows how to swim and me too
    I can swim. Duckling good and kind. What does he look like? I already said,
    that he has a long nose. He is yellow in the speck. Suppose,
    I go to the forest, I grows a long nose, the feathers grow up, I
    I get yellow in Krapinka, I have wings, I can fly by
    Nebu! And I - Duckling!»

    This essay on the topic «I - as if the animal, in motion» Posted
    Our daughter faith, student class 7. It seems neveChildren with Down syndrome. Opportunities for social adaptation. Part 2List achievement for
    man in 15 years, but not for whom the Down syndrome.

    This diagnosis was put back in the maternity hospital, almost immediately after birth,
    Than for a long time you plunged us with my wife in the bunch of heavy experiences. All
    Joy and celebration from the birth of a child turned inside out.

    Comforted us a year later on the European Congress of Organizations
    parents whose children were born with Down syndrome. We saw eyes
    these parents, calm and confidently looking into the world, and - with light
    Love and joy - on our child.

    We learned the name of this glance - «stimulating», Inspiring on life and development. Before that were
    nervous search for information, tips like «Just take care of her» and
    Hope for the fact that the diagnosis is erroneous for which you can hide although
    for time.

    With the first successes of faith, the joy of communication appeared, and gradually we
    They themselves learned «shine» eyes on her daughter. Learned to treat K
    child - to his own and others - with expectation of success, learned how to create «Developing environment», What, of course, is not easy in our life.

    Would comfort us before, when she was born, this is the future essay and
    Long list of achievements, including the latter - dance classes in style
    Flamenco and workout in the badminton section? I think yes.

    Would upset us all those difficulties - «barriers», which we are usual
    overcome in everyday life, chagrins that overtake
    Suddenly, when you meet her peers and peers, much more
    Skillful and independent? Finally, those efforts that the whole family,
    Including nearest relatives, applied to its development and education? Not

    We have become other - stronger, more brave and older.

    But still being younger and self-reading, we have created an organization
    Parents - Association «Down Syndrome», To protect our rights
    children, as the same parents do the same in the West, and transmit further
    Generalized experience.


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