What is Kor


  • Measles
  • What are the symptoms of measles
  • Possible Core complications
  • Corey treatment and prevention

  • Measles

    Cort - widespread acute infectious
    The disease found mainly in children and characterized by
    Increase in temperature, catarrhal inflammation of mucous membranes
    nose, eye and throat and appearance on the skin spots. King in the past
    Sometimes called Korea rubella, but this term makes confusion,
    Since it was mistaken and used to designate rubella. Measles
    It takes most difficult in exhaust and weakened children and in
    developing countries still remain a frequent cause of children's
    mortality. In addition to a person to measles, monkey -
    The only animals, among which this infection occurs in
    Natural conditions.

    What is Kor
    Cort is caused by a RNA-containing virus
    from the Paramyxovirus family (Paramyxoviridae), to which
    include infectious vapotitis viruses (pigs), chumki dogs and plague
    cattle. With the last latter measles virus has a lot of common
    signs (similarity of the structure of the Virion and the characteristics of the structure and
    replication of genome); It is assumed that the measles virus occurred from the virus
    Chumki dogs.

    Among the well-known infectious diseases, king is one of
    The most infectious. It is estimated that the 21st year of life is 95% of urban residents
    The world was silenced. The transmission of the virus occurs together with
    Microcapelles mucus from the nose, larynx and oral cavity,
    scattering with cough, sneezing and conversation. Air-drip
    The means of transmitting measles is the main, however, the infection can
    occur and when inhaled by infected dust. King Extremely
    contaghen: susceptibility to it is approaching 100%. After transferred
    Diseases in recovered, life immunity preserved; Cases
    re-illness is extremely rare. Majority «repeated» Cases
    It is explained by the fact that one of the disease was caused by the rubella virus.
    Children born from those who have undergone king mothers remain immune
    (immune to the disease) to 4 or even 6 months, since during
    This period in their blood is preserved protective maternal antibodies.
    Seasonal peak of morbidity falls at the end of winter. Still remains not
    Clear why in some cities the incidence of measles increases
    every second or third winter. Core outbreaks most often happen in
    children's teams (kindergartens, junior school classes).

    What are the symptoms of measles

    Period, T.E. time from infection (contact with the patient) before the appearance
    first symptoms, lasts 7-14 days, usually about 10 days. First
    symptom - increase temperature; After about 12 hours marked
    pronounced redness and irritation of the mucous membrane of the eye;
    Svetuboyaround develops; By the end of the first day signs appear
    Catarial inflammation of the mucous upper respiratory tract (runny nose,
    Sad cough). About 2-4 days after the first symptoms of the disease
    On the mucous membrane of the cheeks (opposite the indigenous teeth) arise small, with
    Poppy grain, whitish rashes (Soclick spots). 1-2 days later
    (3-5th day of illness) suddenly appears rash. First she
    Detected behind the ears and on the forehead, then quickly applies below -
    on face, neck, body and limb. Small pink spots rash quickly
    Increase in size, acquire the wrong shape, sometimes
    merge. During the maximum rash, 2-3 days after
    The appearance of rashes, the temperature may rise to 40.5°. Rash
    persists 4-7 days, and then gradually disappears in the same manner as
    And appears. In place of the rash remains areas of brownish pigmentation,
    which keeps 7-10 days.

    Sick cortem is most infectious from
    11th to the 16th day after infection, t.E. from the first day of increasing
    Temperatures up to the 4-5th day of skin rashes.

    Possible Core complications

    with uncomplicated forms of measles low, but complications are often
    and can flow in severe form.

    In frequency they are located in
    The following order:

    • inflammation of the middle ear (otitis);
    • Mastoiditis (inflammation of the depository process of temporal bone);
    • bronchopneumonia;
    • inflammation of cervical lymph nodes;
    • laryngitis;
    • encephalitis.

    Corey treatment and prevention

    There is no treatment, so symptomatic therapy is carried out.
    The patient must be isolate from others (especially children).
    Bed regime and liquid food are recommended. Dark the room
    not necessary. To prevent secondary bacterial infections
    Assign antibiotics.

    The development of anticorrosive vaccine began in 1954, when the measles virus
    (EDMONSTON strain) for the first time they managed to grow in tissue culture. From
    the same strain j.Enders prepared the first living vaccine. Conducted
    In 1961, the tests confirmed its effectiveness. In 1963, the Ministry
    US health allowed two types of korea vaccines:
    Live attenuated (from weakened virus) and inactivated
    («killed»). The use of inactivated, creating a short
    immunity, vaccines did not meet themselves; from 1968 vaccination it in the US is not
    conducted. Good results gives passive immunization (introduction
    Specific gamma globulin): antibodies fully suppress infection
    or facilitate the course of the disease. Therefore Immune Serum Globulin
    must be introduced as quickly as possible after contact with the patient (t.E.
    Immediately after possible infection). Contrary to forecasts that promise ambulance
    victory over cow as a result of mass immunization, statistics
    shows the increase in incidence of her in the world.

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