Causes of psychopathy
The risk factors of psychopathy can be congenital
inferiority of the nervous system (encephalitis, head injury). Counts
Also, the brain disorders may be responsible during the period
childbirth or early childhood, or hereditary predisposition.
The development of certain types of psychopathy leads incorrect education
Child. Psychopathy never arises in adulthood
a healthy person, it indicates rather than any other
manifests itself, above all, the inadequacy of emotional experiences,
a tendency to depressive and obsessive states. At the same time, it is not worth confused by psychopathy with «Heavy character», That is, with psychopathic manifestations of aggression, flashes of rage, thirst for destruction,
which may be caused by the most different external factors. Almost all
Types of psychopathy begin to manifest themselves from early and preschool age.
Allocate the following psychopathy:
- Asthenic psychopathy,
which is characteristic of increased irritability and fast
Exposure. Since childhood, such people are afraid of obstacles in achieving
goals. They are bad to overcome any difficulties, mobilization of efforts.
- Caught psychopathy,
which is characteristic of the inadequacy of emotional reactions with turbulent
Flashing anger. Usually it is a people with choleric temperament,
and their character largely corresponds to the peculiarities of such temperament.
They are rapidly, gust, poorly carry out the situation of waiting, easy
Show anger at the unfriendly reasons.
- Explosive psychopathy.
As a rule, these people are leopard in movements, thoughts and actions. They are
restrained, retain calm in many emotionally saturated
situations, neat, are thorough to petty and pedantry, love
order in everything. These are people of hard habits, rules, templates,
Miracles in all. At the same time, if anyone violates
the established way of their life, even the most insignificant trifle, they
can instantly get out of themselves, go far beyond the limits of decency.
They can be extremely vigorous, and long do not forgive others
- Hysterical psychopathy,
which is characteristic of impressionable, suggestibility, egocentrism. One
From the central properties of the identity of the exteroid psychopaths is
Egocentrism and desire to be in the spotlight at any cost
surrounding. Externally, this is usually miniature, elegant, attractive
People with expressive facial expressions and gestures, plastic and artistic,
And more often it is women.
- Paranoyan psychopathy,
which is characteristic of suspicion, high self-esteem, tendency
to ultra-supersonal ideas. So, the pathological jealies call people,
who in early childhood are jealous of their mother to any person,
communicating with her, in the future they are zealously belong to friends
and loved ones, to employees, tormenting victim with continuous suspicion,
At the same time, it is unbearably suffering from.D.
- Schizoid psychopathy.
From an early age, schizoid psychopaths appear attention
manifestation of emotional worn, visibility, live in the world
abstract, not by age difficult problems. Usually they have several
delays the development of self-service skills.
from psychosis, psychopathy almost does not progress throughout life,
However, some of the listed psychopathies can lead
To addiction to alcohol or drug. Essential also psychopathy,
accompanied by the desire of steal, or to deceive others.
Diagnosis of psychopathy
the patient is rarely the first comes to the doctor. More often they make relatives,
exhausted by strange human behavior. Many are trying to figure out,
Is their sick relative crazy, and is there a medicine
from his illness. In such a situation, the doctor gets an additional
Information about the relatives of the patient, its upbringing and development.
No less important behavior of the patient in the eyes of others.
Treatment of psychopathy
psychopathy - an extremely difficult task. The problem is that psychopath almost
never realizes the patients, and in some types of psychopathies still
and offended at the first mention of a possible visit to the doctor. Top
no less, psychopathy requires treatment, first of all to
prevent social disadaptation of the patient.
understand that the issue of adaptation of a psychopath in normal life
determined by his profession and surroundings. For example, schizoid
Psychopaths are well taken out in the field of fundamental sciences,
and hysterical in acting professions. At the same time, pathological
False, asthenia or paranola features are negative
In all cases.
Medications in psychopathy almost never
Do not prescribe. First, this disease is not treated with medicines,
It is only possible to soften or remove its manifestations, and secondly, practically
it is impossible to convince the patient to take medicine. In some cases
The field of concomitant diseases come to the fore: alcoholism,
Drug addict. It should be borne in mind that these diseases are able to aggravate
Psychopathological defect personality.