Each of us at least once in life had to experience a feeling of anxiety or fear. In most cases, these unpleasant sensations pass without a trace, but sometimes they grow up, increase in size and can greatly interfere with us. How can I cope with phobias and other manifestations of neurosis, and whether to do this to a doctor?
Case of life
All of us were taught from childhood to wash your arms before meals. For
one of my friend this habit has become an obsessive action. At first
Everyone admired her cleanness, but later her manner was constantly washed
Hands after touching with any subject crossed all the boundaries.
How many times a day she soap hands, no one could count on
number and she herself: a piece of soap with her «leaving» For 1-2 days. And after,
as a girl promoted more than an hour in the toilet, because I could not open
the door because I was afraid to stain on her hands, my relatives
Girlfriends understood: you need to do something. And after unsuccessful attempts
Conduct with obsessive hand wash yourself they decided
consult a psychotherapist.
Fortunately, they appealed to help when the problem can still be
It was quickly solved, so the treatment was short and successful. Across
A few weeks of psychotherapy on the background of receiving supporting and
strengthening the nervous drug drug girl managed to return to
How do fears arise
Say – this is an extreme case and this occurs infrequently. This is
Indeed, but, ironically, less pronounced fears
meet people very often. According to statistics - as in our country,
And around the world - various phobias suffers from 4 to 12% of people,
there are more often than each tenth! Impressive, truth?
Unfortunately, many people in virtue of various reasons are hiding their fears and
prefer not to contact doctors or psychologists – including
Because again - scary. How does fear arise and why people
shy to contact a specialist?
The reasons for this, as usual, are the most different. Our life with her
Rhythm rhythm and abundance of information last years and decades
constantly postpones the face «Normality» man. For that,
to «Touch everything», We have to accelerate your life rhythm. Is not
always benefits health, and fear «Do not have time» only complicates
Situation. Therefore, we do not always manage to keep confidence in
Such a situation. And when self-esteem falls, then much in the world around
It seems incomprehensible and threatening, and it creates an unfavorable environment
For the emergence of insurance.
How to specifically, fears and phobias can occur? In certain
situations - for example, in a crowded metro car - in humans
There is a fear that he can die from choking, or go crazy. Fear
Begins to strengthen itself, and a person may have a feeling,
that he did not cope with fear, and he began to live «Own life»,
Out of man's control.
And then he may have a fear that the same discomfort
fear will arise the next time in the same situation – in the subway per hour
peak. Funning this perspective, he begins to avoid traveling in the subway,
mass clusters of people and other similar situations. Almost always that
significantly reduces the quality of the patient's life: he can psychologically
be very difficult to move in the subway, or he will spend much
more time on the road, picking up ground routes - not to say
already that to be in mass events he will also be difficult.
Over time if you do nothing with the fear that
will grow, increase in size and can go to other
Region – For example, anxiety and fears may appear while driving and on
terrestrial transport, airplane...
And now what i can do?
It is clear that the most important thing in such a situation –
keep calm and confidence. Any fear can be defeated if
do not closer in yourself, but to act and seek help – like from myself
yourself and on the part of those with whom you can share your
experiences. Increase your self-esteem, learn daily
overcome fear, read books and watch movies that help
cope with him. And if all of the above does not help, then you can
Contact a specialist who works professionally with problems
At the junction of medicine and psychology, including with fears – To
Psychotherapist. When phobias, obsessions and other alarming
disorders become so pronounced that they already interfere with living, it is
Appeal to a qualified psychotherapist allows you to get rid of
they start living in full life again.
Psychotherapist – who is he?
– This is not only one for the whole country Dr. Kurparatov. Now in ours
the country is becoming more and more experts working with the most
psychological and medical problems – Starting from the same fears
and ending with psychotherapeutic accompanying pregnancy and treatment of dependencies.
Many of them specialize in various fields, so finding
specialist for the treatment of exactly your problem is quite simple.
But some people have a certain difficulty in this place: «And what
This specialist will do with me?» «Feed psychotropic
Tablets?» «Does not heal?»
In fact, psychotherapist – This is the same doctor as others
medical specialists, but if the gastroenterologist helps you cure
gastritis or get rid of stones in the bustling bubble, then psychotherapist
Helps to recover from fear and other problems. The difference is essentially not
So great to give up this aid and wait until fear
grows and starts literally to devour all strength and energy
If you broke your leg, you go to a traumatologist, and you put plaster to
The bone has grown correctly. Our psychological state can also be
break: it will not be so noticeable as the bone fracture, but the consequences
can be even more deployed.
For some reason, we have always been made not to pay attention to such
«little things», as psychological problems: you want to speak – Share
Paint with girlfriend. In men, about similar things and share at all
not accepted. Meanwhile, it is really very important. Mental
Health can be lost unnoticed: does not hurt a stomach or back,
And only feelings – sorrow, fear, anxiety - sometimes give to know that
something wrong. So you need to listen and with attention
refer to their psychological needs. There are situations when
Some only sincere conversations with a friend will not help – And in this
case more correct will appeal to the psychotherapist. Then approach
Treatment will be thoughtful, attentive and professional.
How the fears are treated
A psychotherapist doctor listens to the patient carefully and will carefully collect
information about how long the fear is worried about what it is expressed and
under what conditions arises. After that, if necessary, the patient
Conduct additional surveys. The fact is that sometimes fears,
obsession and other neuroses
may be due not only to psychological reasons, but also
dysfunction in the work of the nervous system or even internal organs –
For example, be caused by oxygen starvation of the brain in childbirth. IN
These cases carry out additional examinations will help the doctor
Decide with tactics of treatment.
When the diagnosis is clear, begins itself
therapy. In some cases, drugs can be prescribed by the patient,
Reducing alarm, improving the nutrition of the brain, strengthening
nervous system. The purpose of their destination – Medical support
the body, the correction of the changes that were discovered. BUT
In parallel with medications, or even without them, is carried out
The main method of treatment of psychotherapist – This
psychotherapy. Such a method of helping person – not «Just talk», how
Sometimes it may seem. This is a conversation built in a certain way,
thanks to which the patient succeeds to see what helps him
get rid of fear; and in some cases the therapeutic effect may occur
even without aware patient, as it were,.
Usually the psychotherapist owns several methods
Psychotherapy – such as Gestalt, cognitive-behavioral
Psychotherapy or well-known psychoanalysis and hypnosis. In the process of conversation
With a patient, a specialist determines which of these working methods is better
everything is suitable for this person, and starts psychotherapeutic
treatment, if necessary, combining it with with other methods
Psychotherapy. As a result of this work, the patient can cope with
alarm and fear, he is aware of the reasons that these fears caused, and
learns to successfully cope with them. It gives him the opportunity again
Start living joyful, full-fledged life without fear and anxiety.