- The meaning of the epidemiology of caries and periodontal diseases
- About the methods of treating caries
- Antenatal prevention of caries
Analyzing the stage of development of chronic caries, there is a damage to the solid tooth tissues, with the progressive destruction of enamel, dentin and the formation of the cavity in the tooth. This risk are subject to, first of all, chewing tooth surfaces, where there are recesses and irregularities of various nature, on which the residues of food are delayed, being an excellent habitat of pathogens bacteria.
The pathological process proceeds absolutely unnoticed, often asymptomatic and only short-term pain from chemical or temperature stimuli cause to turn to a dentist, where the presence of chronic average caries is detected using X-ray diagnostics. Only a doctor can determine the degree of destruction of the tooth, notice the softening and pigmentation of dentin during the chronic stage of the average caries, although the presence of a carious cavity of small sizes is able to see the patient himself and even feel the unpleasant smell of mouth.
The meaning of the epidemiology of caries and periodontal diseases
Evaluate the scale and intensity of the disease, one of the most widespread on Earth, is intended for epidemiology, which conducts its research in accordance with the recommendations of the World Health Organization, taking into account levels, indices and units of the population. At the heart of numerous events of the Epidemiology of Periodonta and Caries of the teeth, the WHO recommendations are allowed to plan and organize dental care, to identify the needs for preventive and therapeutic procedures, assess their quality, compare the condition of the dental morbidity in various regions and to increase the level of health of the population.
Taking into account the recommendations of WHO for the oral hygiene, the use of fluoride, rational nutrition, the preventive program is being developed, the purpose of which is to reduce the growth intensity of dental diseases. All this allows you to achieve a decrease in the number of patients with periodontal diseases, the number of which in some northern regions is approaching 99%, to look for and find optimal ways of treating caries.
About the methods of treating caries
In order to achieve a long-term positive result of dental treatment, a clear coherent plan of the action of dentist doctors and compulsory compliance with technological stages and standards in disease therapy. This is the set of necessary methods and techniques of international experience, developments and recommendations in the organization of therapeutic measures include the antenatal or intrauterine prevention of caries.
The processes of laying, formation and mineralization of teeth begin in the embryonic period of the development of the infant and continue in the intrauterine period. During pregnancy, the woman should especially closely monitor the oral cavity, to tremble his teeth in a timely manner, using the ways of a modern approach to the treatment of caries, taking care of not only his dental health, but also about healthy teeth of his future baby:
- endogenous charming;
- Endogenous medicinal;
- Exogenous fleece;
- Exogenous medicinal.
Antenatal prevention of caries
Caring for the health of the future mother involves a sufficient amount of vegetables and fruits, berries, seasonal greens, cheese, milk, cottage cheese, coarse bread bread. 3 main factors contribute to the risk of carious cavities:
- dental flare and microorganisms;
- excess sugar in nutrition;
- Fluorine deficiency in drinking water and food.
Special attention to the antenatal prevention of caries is explained by the fact that such events are effective and make sense during the ripening of enamel in children's teeth. Timely food correction, selection of hygiene facilities under the leadership and according to the recommendations of the dentist will help to prevent carious lesions, create the most favorable conditions for the formation of kid teeth. Of great importance in the prevention of caries is the choice of oral care: Toothbrushes, anticipatic toothpastes, flosses, toothpicks, interdentary stimulants and irrigators, allow to strengthen the tissues of teeth, maintain a dental row in perfect condition, confront the growth of cariesogenic microorganisms and warn the formation of a dental.