What do we know about atherosclerosis


  • What is atherosclerosis
  • Moreover, atherosclerosis occurs
  • Atherosclerosis is the process of aging the body
  • Genetic predisposition. Myth or reality
  • Once again about the right way of life
  • Sugar diabetes violates not only the exchange of carbohydrates, but also fat
  • Atherosclerosis as a result of infection
  • Symptoms atherosclerosis

  • What is atherosclerosis

    What do we know about atherosclerosisAteraclerosis is a chronic disease of the vessels, which is characterized by the formation of atherosclerotic plaques in the walls of the vessels of atherosclerotic plaques (sedimentation of fats and the growth of connective tissue), which narrow and deform vessels, which in turn causes blood circulation violations and the damage to the internal organs.

    In the development of atherosclerosis, many factors participate: violation of metabolism, chronic diseases, age. In this article we will describe the causes of atherosclerosis and factors that accelerate the development of this disease.

    Atherosclerosis is a degenerative disease of the organism's arterial vessels. In atherosclerosis in the walls of the vessels (mostly large arteries), fats are postponed and connecting tissue germinates. Such foci of resolution of vessels are called atherosclerotic plaques. Atherosclerotic plaques are the cause of the narrowing of the lotication of blood vessels and deformation of the region of the blood vessel, which in turn leads to violations of blood circulation in the internal organs.

    Moreover, atherosclerosis occurs

    All risk factors (reasons) of atherosclerosis development can be divided into two main groups: unchangeable and changeable. Unchanging causes of atherosclerosis development are those reasons to which it is impossible to have any medical influence (age, gender, genetic factor). The changeable causes of atherosclerosis are those reasons that can be eliminated either by changing the lifestyle of a person, or by treatment (smoking, sugar diabetes, obesity, impaired carbohydrate and fat metabolism, infection).

    Atherosclerosis is the process of aging the body

    The risk of atherosclerosis is rising simultaneously with the age of man. The greater the age, the greater the risk of atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is often viewed as a manifestation of the process of aging of the body, since atherosclerotic changes in blood vessels are noted at all, without exception, people overwhelmed a certain age line. The risk of atherosclerosis is significantly increased after 45-50 years. In men, atherosclerosis is developing 10 years earlier than in women and up to 50 years old, the risk of atherosclerosis is 4 times higher in men than women. After 50 years, the incidence of atherosclerosis among both men and women is leveled. This is due to the offensive of hormonal changes in the body of women and the disappearance of the protective role of the female sex hormones of estrogen (decrease in the selection of estrogen during menopause).

    Genetic predisposition. Myth or reality

    Genetic predisposition This is another unchanged risk factor atherosclerosis. Increased risk of atherosclerosis is observed in people whose relatives also suffer from various forms of atherosclerosis. It is believed that the genetic (hereditary) predisposition is the cause of a comparative early start of atherosclerosis (earlier than 50 years). At the same time, people over 50 years old, hereditary factors play a minor role in the development of atherosclerosis.

    Once again about the right way of life

    Lifeline lifestyle (hypodynamia) is an important factor in the development of atherosclerosis, obesity, arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus. Reducing motor activity leads to a violation of the exchange of fats and carbohydrates, which in turn increases the risk of diabetes and atherosclerosis. Arterial hypertension - is an independent factor in the development of atherosclerosis. Against the background of hypertension, the impregnation of the walls of the arterily fats increases, which is the initial stage of the development of atherosclerotic plaques. In turn, due to the change in the elasticity of the arteries, atherosclerosis increases the risk of hypertension.

    Smoking increases the risk of many diseases of the human cardiovascular system, including atherosclerosis. Long smoking 2-3 times increases the risk of arterial hypertension, hyperlipidemia, ischemic heart disease. The accelerated development of atherosclerosis due to smoking is due to the negative impact of the components of the tobacco smoke on the blood vessels.

    Sugar diabetes violates not only the exchange of carbohydrates, but also fat

    Sugar diabetes increases the risk of atherosclerosis 4-7 times. The high risk of atherosclerosis development against the background of diabetes is explained by the violation of fats (one of diabetes metabolic disorders), which is the main factor in the development of atherosclerotic changes in blood vessels. Dyslipidemia (Violation of Fat Exchange) is the most important factor in the development of atherosclerosis. In the development of atherosclerosis and other diseases of the human cardiovascular system, such violations of fats sharing such as: increased blood content of cholesterol, atherogenic lipoproteins and triglycerides. Incorrect nutrition with large animal fat content can be an important factor accelerating atherosclerosis.

    Atherosclerosis as a result of infection

    The atherosclerosis infectious nature team appeared relatively recently and immediately attracted much attention. Recent studies show that one of the factors of the emergence and rapid progression of atherosclerosis could be chlamydial and cytomegalovirus infections. The argument in favor of this approval is the definition of high-title antibodies against these types of infections in the majority of patients with various forms of atherosclerosis.

    Knowledge of the causes of atherosclerosis is necessary for the treatment and prevention of this dangerous disease. In the sense of prevention, the changeable factors of the development of atherosclerosis, which can be eliminated either with the help of the patient's lifestyle correction (sports, correctly nutrition, rejection of bad habits), or with the help of treatment (treatment of diabetes, hypertension treatment, fats' exchange correction).

    Atherosclerosis is only partly a consequence of the aging of the body and therefore, the elimination of risk factors atherosclerosis can significantly alleviate and slow down the development of this disease.

    Symptoms atherosclerosis

    Atherosclerosis symptoms are extremely diverse and depend on the place and degree of damage to a certain blood vessel. In view of the fact that atherosclerosis is a global disease of the arteries of the human body in the same person, several arteries can be amazed at the same time. In this case, there will be many symptoms of blood circulation disturbing in various organs and parts of the body. In general, the symptoms of atherosclerosis lay on signs of aging of the body. In view of the fact that the atherosclerosis of the arteries of a certain area is manifested by rather specific symptoms, we present a description of the various forms of atherosclerosis (atherosclerosis of the heart vessels, atherosclerosis of the brain vessels, atherosclerosis of the lower limbs vessels, atherosclerosis of the vessels of the abdominal organs) with which we invite you to get acquainted in the relevant articles of our resource.

    Leave a reply