- Causes of chronic tonsillitis
- Symptoms of chronic tonsillitis
- Complications of chronic tonsillitis
- Treatment of chronic tonsillitis
Chronic tonsillitis - a presenceinflammatory focus in tonsils, characterized by periodic exacerbations and infectious and allergic reactions. Danger is a disease that can cause other diseases. In chronic tonsillitis may suffer from heart, kidney, joints.
Causes of chronic tonsillitis
Palatine tonsils - is an element of the immune systemhuman. The appearance of the source of inflammation in the body causes a malfunction of the immune response. Begin to form antibodies not only to microbial pathogen, but also (over time) to the body's own tissues.
It all starts with the microbial invasion. Causes chronic tonsillitis:
- Haemophilus influenzae;
One of the most dangerous pathogens isbeta-hemolytic streptococcus. It was he responsible for the development of severe complications of chronic tonsillitis: rheumatic fever, rheumatic endocarditis, glomerulonephritis.
Symptoms of chronic tonsillitis
Before ill with chronic tonsillitis,the patient suffers multiple angina. They accompany each exacerbation. The main symptoms of include severe pain in the throat that interferes with swallowing even water, raising the temperature to higher values, common symptoms of intoxication.
However, such a vivid symptoms occurnot all. Often angina has erased character: moderate pain, the temperature reaches 38 degrees, feeling not much degraded. Sometimes the symptoms are so pronounced that the patient does not think about the visit to the doctor.
However, the pallor of the clinical picture does notIt means that the organism is no destructive processes. On the contrary, it is characteristic for rheumatism sluggish symptoms of exacerbation of chronic tonsillitis. Severe pain in the joints, disorders of the urinary function of the heart and sometimes come to the fore in the clinic of a relapse, forcing the patient to not pay attention to the fact that he "throat ache a little."
In between exacerbations in a patient observedsluggish signs of inflammation. Increased fatigue, sweating, periodic temperature rises to subfebrile (37.3-37.5 degrees) typical for this time.
Complications of chronic tonsillitis
Beta-hemolytic streptococcus hasexpressed tropic (ie strong "love") to the tissues of the joints, heart and kidneys. He is the agent of rheumatism, and because of it in patients with long-existing chronic tonsillitis occur:
- bacterial endocarditis;
- bronchopulmonary diseases.
Treatment of chronic tonsillitis
In the treatment of chronic tonsillitis are using all the tools of a fairly extensive arsenal of modern medicine.
Of the non-drug means highly effectiveultrasound and ultraviolet irradiation inflammatory focus. Well-proven laser therapy, in which a coherent beam of radiation is directed at the palatine tonsils.
The most common medical methodsIt is the irrigation of the mucous membrane of the nasopharynx different antiseptic solutions. Used ingalipt, kameton, chlorophyllin, and so on. D. Effectively and gargling solution furatsilina, decoction of chamomile and eucalyptus.
After rinsing to be processed almonds solutions of lysozyme, interferon, levamisole: These drugs increase the local immunity.
After all these procedures, the surface of the tonsils or lubricate Lugol kolargola.
Conservative treatment has a positive effectthree-quarters of cases. Despite this, exacerbation of chronic tonsillitis is still repeated. The patient is again forced to treat a sore throat, and over all his actions bring relief only for a while.
Radical method resorted to whensevere illness or in the absence of effect of conservative treatment is tonsillectomy. This operation, which is a complete removal of the tonsils, quite safe, if carried out in compliance with all precautionary measures:
- the patient is prepared to intervene;
- performed on sample no reaction to the anesthetic;
- follow the rules of aseptic and antiseptic.
Forecast for the life of the patient in chronictonsillitis is considered favorable if adequate treatment is made up of complications. In the case of their accession possible persistent deterioration of disability and quality of life, until the disability of the patient.