Sore throat may not only be angina, butand pharyngitis. Angina - an acute inflammation of the palatine tonsils, pharynx and others, and pharyngitis - inflammation of the rear wall. When angina antibiotics are required, and for pharyngitis is often enough use of folk remedies.
If you have an infection, accompanied by pharyngitis,the use of antibiotics is not justified. It can lead to decreased immunity, destruction of beneficial microflora of the nasopharynx and intestine. Another danger of unjustified antibiotic treatment - the emergence of drug-resistant species of bacteria.
Actually angina can "lick" everyone,including a perfectly healthy throat. It is often the case with untempered people who are not accustomed to changes in temperature and humidity. However, it noted that the number suffering from angina significantly decreases after the age of 30. This phenomenon is associated with the changing characteristics of the immune system.
The main route of transmission of angina -airborne, so the infection can spread when speaking at a close distance. In rooms with low temperatures and high humidity, the risk of "resettlement" of microbes is particularly high.
There is another way of sore throat infection - food,ie through food. In milk, minced meat, vegetables, fruit, jelly, mashed potatoes can get germs from small pustules on the skin of hands. There are cases when infected by infected hands chef with angina several dozen people. Therefore, you can not use the same dishes, a towel and handkerchief with a sick person. Ill with angina in the acute phase should have as little contact as possible.
However, the "infectiousness" of angina is not a wholly-owned. It is only less than 15 percent. This is lower than in influenza and other acute respiratory viral infections. There are many cases in which healthy people kissing angina patients not infected. It's all about the state of the human immune system.
For this disease, many are not serious. Just think, maybe more throat a couple of days the temperature hold. However, unlike viral pharyngitis, tonsillitis is dangerous for its unpredictable consequences. The infection can enter the ears, maxillary sinuses, heart and cause inflammation in these organs. Frequent complication of tonsillitis may be rheumatism and developing on the background of heart disease. Sometimes, angina occur after severe kidney disease.
Very dangerous are local complications: inflammation of the tissue around the tonsils. Penetration of infection into surrounding tissue results in the formation of an abscess that requires surgical treatment. Nedolechennaya infection can lead to the repetition of the disease in the future - to chronic tonsillitis.
In addition, under the symptoms of angina candisguise a terrible disease like diphtheria. It is important to quickly identify you or angina diphtheria. The earlier detected diphtheria, the better the chances for a successful recovery from it without consequences. After all, the strongest agents of diphtheria toxin was isolated, which immediately begin to damage the heart and kidneys. One hundred percent answer to the question: angina or diphtheria? - Gives only a special swab. Therefore, if you have a pronounced pain in the throat and a high fever, be sure to consult a doctor.
Home remedies for the treatment of angina are only effectivein the early stages of the disease. Even before the arrival of the doctor would be good to start treatment. At high temperatures can take an antipyretic medicine: koldreks, Fervex, Panadol, efferalgan or Nurofen. Preference is given to those drugs that are available in the form of powders or effervescent tablets. They are easier to swallow. You can apply and antipyretic candles - efferalgan or tsefekon N. All of these medications at the same time reduce the pain in the throat and reduce the temperature.
You can also dissolve in the mouth antisepticslozenges, pastilles or lozenges that have antimicrobial activity. Now there are new forms of drugs for the treatment of diseases of the throat - spray. Gargle with angina is undoubtedly necessary, this procedure accelerates recovery. It is better to use the infusion of herbs - chamomile, eucalyptus, calendula and sage. In the first days of illness benefit mouthwash with warm soda solution, prepared at the rate of one teaspoon per cup of water.
However, antiseptics of rinses, lozenges andspray can not get inside the tonsils, in its fabric. And that is where there is proliferation of "malicious" bacteria. That's why antibiotics for sore throat - the most important and necessary medications.
When angina standard can not be setdrugs. Prescribers should be a doctor. In the world and in our country growing microbial resistance to antibiotics. There is, for various reasons, including because of the uncontrolled use of drugs. Ideally, before they prescribe the medicine, the patient's throat swab taken. He needed to find out which bacteria cause disease. Pap identifies and sensitivity of bacteria to certain drugs.
Pending the results of smear usually prescribedbroad-spectrum antibiotics. They act on the main groups of bacteria that cause sore throat. We need about three days to test the effectiveness of a drug. If there is no result, should be appointed by the other. Choose the appropriate antibiotic and assess its effectiveness can only be a specialist.
Staying "one on one" with a sore throat is not recommended also because inspection is required in this disease. Urine and blood, ECG will show if there are any complications.
Some complications develop angina duringrecovery. For the complete destruction of germs need time. Therefore, according to modern concepts, the minimum term antibiotic treatment of angina - 10 days. This is true for the vast majority of antimicrobial agents. The only exception is a modern drug, azithromycin, or sumamed. It is enough to take 5 days.
In addition to durability, it is important to respect theingestion. Some people think that if the drug is scheduled 3 times a day, it can have a drink at 10 in the morning, at lunch and hours of 6pm. This is not true. For antibiotics it is very important that the drug between doses have been regular intervals. That is the scheme "3 times a day" implies that you have to take pills at 8 am, 16 pm and around midnight.
During the treatment of angina Drink soothing teathroat. To prepare it, in ordinary or herbal tea infusion, add marshmallow roots and honey. Recovery from a sore throat is considered normal body temperature for 5 days, the absence of pain in the throat and pain during palpation of the lymph nodes in the neck. Should be normal parameters of blood tests, urine and electrocardiogram.
In order to best protect themselves fromcomplications of angina, even two weeks after recovery should be protected from hypothermia and avoid strenuous exercise. An increase in body temperature, or the appearance of any other abnormalities within 1-2 months after angina it is necessary to consult a doctor.
This has long been the dominant position in themedical environment. However, according to recent data, the removal of the tonsils in a significant percentage of cases does not guarantee getting rid of throat diseases. Inflames the rear wall, nasopharyngeal tonsils and lingual. By the same operation - is a radical intervention in the body. Its consequences may not always be favorable. In addition, the palatine tonsils - the body's immune system that a person carries a protective function.
That is why many doctors try firstto use all possible methods of treatment of non-operational. Only in extreme cases, when the tonsil tissue due to the constant inflammation ceases to perform his functions, a decision is made about the operation.