When disturbed the normal cellular dysplasiathe structure of tissues. At the same time on the cervix appear atypical cells, which can develop into a dangerous disease like cervical cancer, and I must say that it is quite common oncological disease in women, as well as mammary cancer.
The development of cervical dysplasia oftentapami provoked cancer human papillomavirus. This is a very common virus. Therefore, the probability to pick up the virus during their lifetime is quite high.
To date, there are several typesthe virus that can cause cancer, but the most dangerous are viruses VPYA-16 and HPV-18. If a woman's body, these viruses contain more than a year, then there is a gradual change in the structure of epithelial cells in the future development of dysplasia occurs. In just ten years the infection can turn a healthy cervix into cancer and dysplasia, a precancerous stage already. There are some factors that aggravate the process. These factors include in particular an active sex life, impermanence partners, unprotected sex, prolonged genital infections, cervical injury and violation of hormonal background. In addition, risk of infection include patients who smoke. The fact that tobacco is slowly but surely causes the tissue that will be lacking in oxygen, and this leads to the deterioration of local immunity. These processes increase the likelihood of obtaining micro traumas of cervical epithelium.
Degrees and types
The danger lies in the pathological processthat, in violation of the structure of the epithelium does not show almost no symptoms. Therefore, a woman for a long time may simply not be aware that she has a disease. Typical symptoms may well occur only when you connect the inflammatory process. In particular, the patient may change the consistency and amount of precipitates. In addition, you may receive the itching and burning. With the introduction of tampons or due to sexual intercourse, the patient may experience sukrovichnye or spotting. Very rarely manifest symptoms such as fever, health change, pain and discomfort.
To diagnose this disease primarilyusing instrumental and laboratory methods. It is usually carried out several successive treatments. First the examination of the uterus using a vaginal speculum. This is done in order to examine the uterus for the presence of visible changes therein. These disorders can be - color change mucosal proliferation of epithelial and mucosal appearance at foreign spots. After such an inspection is carried out kolkoskopiya, which is viewed from the neck of the patient's uterus using a special device - kolkoskopa that can increase mucosal image ten times. In addition, it conducted Pap smear, where the swabs are taken from different parts of the cervix. Then obtained scrapings examined under the microscope for their atypical. In addition, this diagnostic method makes it possible to find the so-called cell markers of human papillomavirus infection. These markers are a place where settled by human papilloma virus. If these viruses have been detected by immunological methods, installed virus strain. Furthermore, it turns out oncogene or oncogene. Additionally set concentration of virus in the patient.
Treatment of cervical dysplasia
If cervical dysplasia was detected,it does not mean that it must necessarily be cured by radical method. The decision to treat is taken physician, who in this case must take into account many factors. Be sure to carry out a thorough investigation. Also to be considered such factors as patient age, degree and severity of cervical dysplasia, information about past generations.
So, if mild or moderate dysplasia occurred ina young woman who has not given birth, it may later pass itself after some time. However, this does not mean that it is necessary to forget the presence of dysplasia. The fact is that sometimes the doctor advises to wait, but at the same time to carry out control by means of cytology every 3-4 months.
If the decision about the need for treatment, the treatment is usually carried out in the form of removal of the defective portion and as a rehabilitation therapy.
The decision to remove the defective section mustbe suspended. The fact that some operations may face complications. In particular may be left scars on the cervix may develop infertility, sometimes there is a disruption of the menstrual cycle. In addition, there may be premature labor and aggravation of some diseases of the genitourinary system.
Removal of the defective portion can beproduced by chemical coagulation method. This method is usually performed when the lesion is not large and not deep. In addition, a defective portion can be removed by electricity. This procedure is commonly referred to as "cauterization". This is a simple and quick operation, but due to the fact that it is difficult to determine the depth of the impact of electricity, then scars may remain.
In addition, the fate of the defect can be removedusing cold. This method is usually performed by means of liquid nitrogen, which freezes the damaged tissue to very low temperatures. True, this method is not suitable for severe dysplasia. Besides it is impossible to control the depth of frost penetration.
Defects can also be removed with the help oflaser, which allows more accurately and effectively act on the damaged areas. However, this method can be very painful. As a result of such manipulation possible appearance even bleeding.
In regenerative therapy patientprescribers, containing vitamins A, C, E, B6, B12. In addition, such formulations are bioflavonoids, folic acid, beta-carotene, selenium, and polyunsaturated fatty acids. All these elements are necessary for preventing dysplasia.