Chronic colitis can be divided into: infectious and non-infectious. Infectious forms of colitis usually arise from the fact that the body fall pathogens of intestinal infections. The most common pathogens are bacteria such as the Salmonella and Shigella. Besides chronic colitis of infectious origin can develop in the intestinal dysbiosis. This usually occurs when activated conditionally pathogenic microflora. More often still found a non-infectious colitis. At the same time the main cause of non-infectious colitis is a wrong diet and malnutrition. In addition, the disease can occur in conjunction with some other gastrointestinal diseases. In addition, cause the appearance of chronic colitis may be taking certain medications, and in particular the use of antibiotics and laxatives that contain antraglikozidy. It is also the cause of the occurrence of non-infectious colitis may be an allergic reaction, and in particular, the reaction of the body with food allergies.
Pathology Treatment success depends oncorrect diagnosis results. To do this, first it is usually carried out a simple survey and examination of the patient. In addition, analyzes of feces are carried out to diagnose and blood tests. And you must pass both clinical and blood chemistry. In addition, such a procedure is carried out as aergography which is a X-ray examination of the large intestine that uses a special contrast agent, usually administered via an enema.
In addition, for proper diagnosiscolonoscopy is performed, which is a colon examination using the endoscope at a considerable throughout. For diagnosis are also important results sigmoidoscopy, in which the rectum is examined using a rigid endoscope. When the diagnosis is necessary to consider that many of colitis symptoms are similar to symptoms of some other diseases of the digestive tract, which are usually less severe.
In marked exacerbation or the initial stagetreatment the patient is usually determined in the therapeutic and gastroenterological department. Treatment usually depends on the type of chronic colitis. If colitis, which is infectious nature, for the treatment, first of all, you need to get rid of the microorganisms that caused the disease development.
Furthermore, in chronic colitis any nature for complete cure to normalize the power. This usually go for 6-7 meals a day, and the menu is taken from №4 medical diet. For more information about this diet belowtell our site. In any case, proper nutrition is one of the most important aspects of adequate treatment. Specifically, excluded from the diet of the patient substance that can irritate the bowel wall or substances which are poorly absorbed. Children are usually assigned apple diet. Using apples in the diet therapy is associatedthe fact that lots of pectin in apples, which is known to bind toxins and absorbs water. Harmful substances are removed from the body together with the fiber, which is also contained in apples. In the treatment recommended in the diet include oatmeal, vegetable purees, mucous broths, cream, yogurt and kefir.
In the treatment of chronic colitis alsoVarious medications are used. To remove the pain, patients are assigned spazmalitiki. If the aggravation of the patient has diarrhea, then the appointed binders or stronger drugs that inhibit the activity of intestinal peristalsis. When appointed constipation enema laxatives. Appropriate drugs are also prescribed for dysbiosis.
When the patient reaches the hospital treatment,then it is usually first prescribed diet №4, then №4b diet, which is observed from two to six weeks. Thereafter assigned diet №4v. When the disease will pass to remission, patients are transferred to diet №15.
In the daily diet diet therapy in chroniccolitis contains about 100 grams of protein, 70 grams fat and 250 grams of carbohydrates. At the same time the daily caloric value of about 2000 kcal. The daily rate of salt in up to 9-10 grams, and the norm of free fluid intake - one and a half liters. The food is taken in small portions 5-6 times a day.
When a diet is permitted to include indiet broth hips, sweet berries and fruit mashed or baked. You can also dilute with boiled water apple, tangerine, cherry, orange juice. At the same time prohibited fruits and vegetables in boiled and raw. Prohibited milk, cold and grilled dishes as well as cold drinks.
Diet composition depends on the stage of the disease and the availability of the patient constipation and diarrhea. The food is typically steamed, crushed, rubbed or boiled.
During an exacerbation in the diet it is recommended to include a stale white bread, mashed berries, pureed soups, fruit without skin, milk, fresh cheese, broth hips, diluted juices and tea.
When acute symptoms gradually disappear, thePatients transferred to less sparing food. In the diet are allowed to include boiled meat, crisp cereal, not pureed vegetables, which contain coarse vegetable fibers. Pies are also allowed with meat or pies with apples. You can dry biscuits, cheesecake and cheese, tea and coffee with cream. Three or four times a day before meals is recommended to eat 50-100 grams of fresh apples and fresh carrots. This will help reduce swelling, reduce the unstable stool problem. From the diet during the diet should be avoided millet, rich products, dark bread, radishes, sausage, spinach, radishes, onions, cabbage, garlic, mushrooms, apricots, plums and cantaloupe.
On the basis of permitted and prohibited listsfood menu is compiled, which must adhere to the patients. This menu can be like this. For the entire day to determine the white dried bread, 40 grams of sugar and 10 grams of butter. At first we eat breakfast steam scrambled eggs, buckwheat and drink all the tea. As a second breakfast, we eat fresh apples. For lunch cook over low meat broth potato soup, boiled meat with porridge and milk compote. As a snack, you can eat crackers with sugar and drink one glass of broth hips. For dinner we prepare braised carrots, milk sausages and fresh cheese pudding. We wash down all the tea. Before going to bed you can drink a glass of apple juice jelly.