What a beauty - a fiery burning smokinga piece of meat ... Mmmm, Yum ... But for some reason, the stomach does not think so, after acute and fatty foods there is a pain in the stomach, followed by vomiting, but in general have got sick. All these are symptoms of acute gastritis.
Gastritis - an inflammation of the stomach wall, whichoccurs under the influence of chemicals (not only the food, but also of certain drugs), the bacteria Helicobacter pylori and mechanical damage. Among the causes of gastritis can also be called alcohol abuse, smoking, passion for "junk food." The fact that our gastric juice - is a strong hydrochloric acid to the stomach wall is not "corroded", they have a layer of the epithelium (cells) that resists the damaging effects of acid. If people often eat spicy, salty and spicy food, stomach epithelium becomes thinner, cells lose their ability to resist the gastric juice, and it starts to eat away at the stomach wall. gastritis arises.
Forms of gastritis and their symptoms
There are acute and chronic gastritis. Acute gastritis is manifested through 4-8 hours after the person eats spicy food. Suddenly there is heaviness in the stomach, nausea, weakness, vomiting, diarrhea, dizziness. The man turns pale, tongue coated with white bloom, drooling, or, conversely, dry mouth.
It often happens that the symptoms of acute gastritisLubricate appear poorly, the patient tries to endure the inconvenience, not going to the doctor. Gastritis does not disappear, it just becomes chronic. Gastric mucosa is inflamed constantly and, in some cases, the inflammation extends to deeper layers of the gastric walls. Patients with chronic gastritis occasionally feel pain in the epigastric (this place is at the front, just below the ribs), nausea, appetite decreased, mouth metallic taste occurs periodically, frequent belching - air with the smell of rotten eggs, food residues.
In chronic gastritis impaired secretion of gastric juice.
If the juice is released too much, the patient is suffering from stomach pain, nausea, regurgitation, constipation. This disease is characterized mainly for young men.
Gastritis with low gastric secretory function(Gastric juice stands too little) is characterized by nausea, a metallic taste in the mouth, constipation, and diarrhea. If such a long gastritis is not treated, the patient loses appetite, lose weight gradually, weakness develops and impotence. This form of gastritis is more common in menolder. Sometimes gastritis with decreased secretion of gastric juice is a precursor to the development of tumors - in fact gastritis atrophy of the stomach wall, losing its function.
There are other forms of gastritis. Corrosive gastritis develops when ingestion of strong acids and alkalis (eg, suicidal loser who tried to commit suicide by drinking vinegar). Hypertrophic gastritis - with him in the stomach produced numerous cysts and tumors, hemorrhagic gastritis - gastric wall ulcerate, and occasionally there are stomach bleeding. But these forms of gastritis are much rarer, so we will not dwell on them.
Diagnosis of gastritis
The following studies are carried out for the diagnosis: ultrasound, gastroscopy, bacteriological analysis of cells taken from the affected and healthy parts of the stomach.
With the US everything is clear: during the meeting the doctor sees the blackout and the lighter areas, determines exactly where the changes.
Gastroscopy - a study by a thintube at the end of which there is an optical device. Research carried out on an empty stomach. Before the study gastroscope treated with alcohol. The patient is administered atropine solution, throat treated with painkillers. Then, the patient squeezes the mouth nagubnik need to relax the throat and make one sip. During swallowing the doctor pushes its gastroscope into the throat and then, to the stomach (very unpleasant procedure, but will have to wait) and examine its inner surface. After careful examination, the doctor takes pieces of gastric mucosa for further analysis - biopsy. All this is done at a time: and gastroscopy, and the capture of cells on the analysis carried out by the same gastroscope. For biopsy is very little piece of fabric so that it does not harm the stomach. In the study of tissue extracted during gastroscopy, determine the type and degree of damage, helping to choose the right tactics treatment and eliminate malignant changes.
Treatment of gastritis
The most common treatment for gastritis comes down to diet and administration of drugs, relieves pain, relieves spasms.
Regardless of the form of gastritis treatmentIt begins with diet. Your doctor probably will recommend to eliminate fatty, salty, spicy. Drink should be warm - hot and cold food or drink irritate the stomach wall. The food should be thoroughly chewed to relieve stomach operation. There is a need for at least 5 times a day in small portions.
If gastritis is caused by Helicobacter pylori, you will have toconduct a 10-14 day course of antibiotics (chloramphenicol or more often enteroseptol), and only then be treated with a diet. Helicobacter pylori is a bacterium that, getting into the stomach, irritates the mucous membrane and causes the development of gastritis. The main carriers of this bacterium are cockroaches. But our site would like to especially note the fact that Helicobacter pylori bacteria are more dangerous because they are easily transmitted by contact (use of common dishes is not allowed), so everyone has a chance to get sick.
Acute gastritis treated with diet and coating substances that reduce the aggressive influence of gastric juice in the stomach wall. That remedy is Almagelum.
In chronic gastritis with increased secretiongastric used vikalin, Almagel, platifillin, atropine. These drugs reduce gastric acidity. Also, drugs are used to facilitate the restoration of the normal structure of the stomach wall - or methyluracil pentoxyl.
If gastritis secretion of gastric juicereduced use kvateron. This drug does not reduce the secretion of gastric juice, but relieves spasms and reduces pain. From natural resources apply the juice of plantain - it reduces pain and heals the stomach wall.
Diet for gastritis
Diet - a cornerstone in the treatment of gastritis. Gastritis with the lowered section of gastric juice to the patient can eat cereals and vegetable soups, boiled in the broth of lean meat (rabbit, turkey), lean fish (salmon), fermented baked milk or other sour milk products, stale bread, fresh and cooked vegetables and fruits, eggs, cereals, cocoa, coffee, tea - rather weak and not hot.
With the increased secretion of gastric juice dietIt should contain products that reduce the acidity of the juice. You can eat dairy products (fresh or sour), cottage cheese, yogurt, boiled eggs, boiled lean meat and fish. Vegetables can be eaten only boiled, mashed. In its raw form it can be used only lettuce, green onions and dill. Soups are cooked on lean meat with mashed vegetables. You can use sunflower oil, low-fat sausages, pasta, cereal, stale bread, tea, coffee.
When gastritis is strictly prohibited any form: alcohol, freshly baked pastry, rye bread, peas, beans, lentils, eggs, fatty meats (pork), fatty fish (mackerel, salmon), chips, fries, onion, cabbage, hard cheese, rustic sour cream, chocolate , candies. Still you can not eat fruit with the peel - even grapes.
By following a diet you can completely restore your stomach and get rid of the discomfort. It is better not to deviate from the diet, so as not to cause a new development of gastritis.