The disease is accompanied by a fever andcumulative characteristic symptoms that affect the central nervous, muscular and cardiovascular system, gastrointestinal tract, lungs, kidneys, liver and some other organs. All of them are quite specific, so they can be considered as a separate disease. But the peak incidence occurs in the hot summer months. our site will help you understand who is most likely to suffer from this disease, and what feature of this infection.
What is the enterovirus infection?
It is often manifested in enterovirus infectiondifferent patients - a variety of disease symptoms, which can help the physician rather than the installation of the diagnosis, but rather confuse him. This refers to an infection anthroponoses. It is worth noting that enteroviruses in nature have two tanks - a person directly (able to save and propagate the virus itself) and external environment (which "helps" the virus survive in soil, water, foods, etc.) Outbreaks occur when It gets "enterovirus contamination" in the human environment. Basically, this contaminated water and food.
There is also a vertical route of infectionperson - very high risk of being infected Congenital enterovirus infection in a child whose mother has a persistent form of the disease. That innate enterovirus often leads to SIDS (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome).
The source of infection is a virus carrier ora sick man. At the moment marked the two transmission mechanism - is airborne and fecal-oral. Basically enterovirus sick children, but often young people. With regard to the season, the peak incidence occurs in summer and autumn. Doctors note that after the transfer of enterovirus produces strong immunity for several years.
Important! Enterovirus have no specific symptoms.
There are two classes of enteroviruses - a poliovirus (the so-called "wild virus", which is currently considered to be liquidated) and nepoliovirusy.
The average incubation period for enterovirusinfection takes three to quire days. Remarkably, about 90% of all cases of this disease occur completely asymptomatic. Sometimes there is an increase in temperature. This is despite the fact that the virus can multiply in any body tissues in any.
Currently, the disease is in second place as the cause of SARS.
Experts share the diseases caused by enteroviruses, into two groups - serious illnesses and less severe.
Severe include: meningitis, encephalitis, paralysis, myocarditis, pericarditis, septikopodobnye disease, hepatitis, immunodeficiency infection. The least dangerous include: fever, rash, gerpangina, pharyngitis, pleurodynia, conjunctivitis, Gastroenteritis, uveitis.
To diagnose the disease you need to address in a specialized medical institution, as an accurate diagnosis can be made only after careful clinical studies.
Types and symptoms of enterovirus.
Specific treatment for enterovirus infections are notdeveloped. Use general antiviral agents in combination with narrow-profile drugs designed to suppress certain symptoms, depending on which form of enteroviral infections in humans.
Good feedback received interferon usedfor the prevention of viruses and viral infections. This group of drug compounds refers to low molecular weight glycoproteins, which allows cells to get to work on the recovery. Also used as anti-virals, alpha interferons.
Also these drugs employed immunoglobulins. Especially when it comes to meningoencephalitis. Application kapsidingibiruyuschih drugs widely used as a means of etiotropic.
Prevention of enterovirus infection
Some strict and specific preventionenterovirus is not currently developed. With regard to prevention of non-specific, the children who are in contact with the patient, or directly into the disease locus, it is necessary to bury interferon (leukocyte) in the nose of at least four times a day for a week. Also a good protective effect is able to provide an immunoglobulin. The dose should be about 0.2 ml / kg / m.
Do not forget that if the house is sick,need to observe good personal hygiene: ventilate and disinfect the premises, as well as to make wet cleaning twice a day. Do not forget to wash your hands after using the streets, and especially after the suspicious contacts (if the child is something touching in the street, stroking animals, etc.) Wash fruits and vegetables under running water, the products in the hot season only store in the refrigerator, to expose heat treated foods.
Be sure to observe the principles of decontamination and removal of impurities.