This pathology manifests absencepigmentation in certain areas of the skin. Experts say that children suffer less from this disease than adults. It should also be noted that according to statistics, girls are much more susceptible to vitiligo than boys.
Previously vitiligo is considered incurabledisease, but modern medicine claims that there is nothing impossible. mymedinform.com tell more about this illness and, importantly, advise how all the same to cure vitiligo.
What is Vitiligo?
Vitiligo - a fairly common hereditarypathology, which is manifested in the loss of certain areas of the skin's ability to produce pigment. This is due to the fact that there is no such melanocytes tyrosinase enzyme like - he and catalyzes the process of pigmentation. But from the point of view of science, at the genetic level vitiligo fixes various changes in the nervous system of the state, as well as in metabolism and plyuriglandulyarnoy dysfunction.
In the area there is a weakening of vitiligovasomotor and muscular-hair reflexes, much less seen sweating and sebum secretion. Experts say that in the body concentrates more and the amount of autoantibodies characteristic of a breach of copper metabolism.
Doctors often do not even consider for vitiligodisease, as visible threats to human life is not observed. Although in reality it is not so, because this disease still carries a health hazard - it is not only very nice cosmetic defect, but still a clear reminder that there are global disturbances in the body.
Features of vitiligo in children
This disease is chronic in nature -it is mainly difficult to endure morally, as the patient is uncomfortable, depressed, trying to close himself. The onset of the disease is the appearance on the skin of pale pink or white spots (depending on the shade of the skin) of a small size, which gradually increase and acquire a different size. They can be round and oval, narrow and wide - their shape is irregular, they can be either single or multiple. Often, spots grow and merge into one large focus.
Vitiligo can occur anywhere, but inBasically, vitiligo appears on the open areas of the body: face, neck, hands, feet, folds in the groin. The spots of vitiligo, which form the hearth, arranged symmetrically, but in rare cases, the one-sided defeat, but in the course of the nerve trunks.
If vitiligo affects the hair of the body, the hair in these places also change color - they turn pale.
Since the places where any vitiligo spotsthere is a complete violation, there is no sweating and excretion of fat, and no vasomotor reflex muscular-hair. Because of this, the skin does not respond to stimuli capable of forming the so-called "goose bumps".
It is often manifested in vitiligo solar dermatitis. In general, the patient is contraindicated for a long time in the sun - rays from the hot spots stand out even more.
Vitiligo often migrates: some spots appear and disappear in one or the other place.
A person who is sick with vitiligo does not have any subjective sensations - nothing bothers him: there is no pain, itching, discomfort. Vitiligo brings discomfort, like a normal cosmetic skin defect.
The heaviest infestation vitiligo - this is when all the skin is depigmented. If vitiligo progresses, the lesions may occur at the site of injury, pressure or friction.
The cause of vitiligo
At present, the reasons as the mechanism of action, the development of defined and vitiligo not been studied. Scientists suggest that there are the following factors for the emergence and development of the disease:
- Problems with the endocrine system (thyroid dysfunction, pituitary gland, gonads, adrenal glands).
- Mental trauma.
- Stressful conditions.
- Problems of the autonomic nervous system.
- Autoimmune processes content.
- Heavily infectious diseases.
- Chronic diseases of the internal organs.
- Physical injuries.
- Allergy to synthetic fabrics due to frequent contact with the irritant.
- Imbalance vitamins or exchange of nutrients and minerals (copper, zinc, iron).
- Abnormalities in the immune system.
- The presence of internal parasites.
Treatment of vitiligo in children
So far, it is believed that vitiligo is not treated,but, thanks to the latest technology, you can take a chance and try to get rid of this disease. Today, the patient is prescribed a variety of substances that can improve the skin metabolism - they affect the way the exchange of melanin pigment.
If you find a child's white spots on the skin,you must immediately go to the hospital to a dermatologist. The specialist must first determine the case, what is the cause of vitiligo in children. To do this, you may need to pass a series of tests to identify - whether the pathology of internal organs.
Generally doctors prescribe photosensitizersand ultraviolet irradiation. Useful as a course of massage with nitrogen. Always necessary vitamins that help improve the metabolism and support immune stimulants.
An important episode treatment are creams and ointments - they are applied to lesions daily.
Traditional methods of treatment
Unfortunately, many modern methods and techniquesthe treatment of vitiligo is strictly contraindicated in children who have not reached five, seven or twelve years. In this case, you can try to turn to folk medicine.
St. John's Wort - a spoon dry grass - pour a glass of boiling water. Insist half an hour. Drink three times a day on a tablespoon.
Milk thistle seeds, alfalfa, mustard, buckwheatmilled to a powder. Take two tablespoons of the mixture, pour 500 ml of water. Boil over medium heat until the liquid is reduced by 2 times. Broth drain, give the baby to 6 times a day for a spoon.
A spoonful of dried and ground hypericum pour10 Art. l. oil (ideally - olive). Heat thirty minutes in a water bath. The resulting mixture is passed through a cheesecloth. Overlay ointment on the lesions twice daily.
Pay attention to baby food. Be sure to enter in the daily menu, buckwheat, carrots, persimmons, tomatoes, bell peppers. All these products contribute to the fact that melatonin is produced.