For a start - answer a few questions
- Do you have a constant feeling of thirst?
- Do you have a feeling of dryness in the mouth?
- Do you have a feeling of nausea?
- Are Worried frequent urination (especially at night)?
- Rose whether the recent appetite? You began to eat more?
- You lose weight, despite increased appetite?
- Are you concerned about itching?
- Recently, you have a weakness?
- Recently, you were more likely to hurt a variety of infectious diseases (furunculosis, bronchitis, cystitis, etc.)?
If you answered yes to more than four questions - should think about whether you have this insidious disease like diabetes.
Diabetes - a violation of metabolism in the body, in which the person in the patient's blood sugar levels are elevated.
It is a reasonable question: and what is wrong with that elevated blood sugar? To answer it, we must consider the internal mechanism of the disease in more detail.
Sugar, as well as other carbohydrates, a source ofthe energy required for the life of our body. To sugar was in the cell, needed hormone insulin, secreted by the pancreas. This normally occurs (in the normal operation of the mechanism).
But what happens if, for some reason, the pancreas stops producing insulin or produces defective (defective) hormone?
If the pancreas does not produce insulin
- sugar (glucose) in the blood remains and enters the cell
- the body's cells do not get enough to eat
- starving the cells of the body trying to getsugar (glucose) in another way: extracting glucose through the vessel walls, vessel walls become more dense and brittle, leading to disruption of blood flow
- damage to the blood vessels leading to complications of diabetes.
Two most prevalent types of diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes It develops as a result of destruction of cellsproducing insulin. Insulin is not generated, and necessary for maintaining life of constant insulin injections. This type of diabetes usually affects persons under 30 years of age.
Type 2 Diabetes - This type of diabetes is caused byproduction of defective insulin and reduce the sensitivity of cells to it. Ill diabetes usually after 30 years. These people often have excess body weight.
So what are dangerous complications of this insidious disease?
Eyes: diabetes affects so muchretinal arteries, veins and capillaries of the eyes, that even complete blindness is possible. In type 1 diabetes, reduced vision may not appear for a long time, and after about ten years suddenly find themselves. Unfortunately, the type 2 sight begins to decline earlier.
kidneys: With the defeat of the blood vessels of the kidneys are violated, there is the so-called renal insufficiency when the kidneys are not able to form and remove urine from the body
A heart: as the hormone insulin maintains the vascular wall in tone, with its lack of diabetic patients is several times more likely to develop infarkt infarction, stroke, heart failure.
Legs: poor circulation in the feet of patients with diabetes leads to pain in the calves, like walking or at rest, and to the formation of trophic ulcers.
If time does not pay attention to it, treatmentwith the help of drugs can be ineffective and have to resort to surgery. It is worth noting that the absence of pain in the legs does not mean the absence of the affected vessels.
What to do?
If you find yourself some symptoms or if you already suffer from this disease, here are some rules that will facilitate your condition.
Seek medical attention is necessary. Endocrinologist, together with the cardiologist, ophthalmologist, nephrologist, phlebologist establish your type of diabetes, and promptly appoint the proper treatment.
Diabetes - a way of life
You will have to learn to eat right. In some patients, the second type of diabetes diet can be used as an independent method of treatment. Due to the withdrawal of food carbohydrate (sugar, jam, syrups, beer, mayonnaise) can not only reduce the concentration of glucose, but also to normalize body weight.
It is also recommended to limit consumptionfoods containing cholesterol: butter, fatty meats, lard, egg yolk and others. And fruits and vegetables are on the contrary to make the foundation of your diet, but it is worth considering that in some fruits and vegetables are a great amount of glucose. These include grapes, persimmons, bananas, potatoes.
The blood sugar level must be constantly controlled, and you also need to learn to do it yourself.
Mandatory strict hygiene feet, avoid soft tissue injuries of feet, wearing only need to correct, comfortable shoes.