Hyperthyroidism, Diagnosis and Treatment

Content

  • How is the diagnosis of hyperthyroidism
  • How is the treatment of hyperthyroidism



  • How is the diagnosis of hyperthyroidism

    Unlike
    hypothyroidism, thyroid symptoms zhedlezy increased activity more specific. but
    not always, these symptoms are pronounced, especially in the elderly.
    In addition, there are cases when patients do not carry them to some
    or pathology, and by age-related changes in an organism.

    For example,
    feeling the heat, "tides", which are the classic symptoms
    thyrotoxicosis, often regarded as a manifestation of the ensuing
    menopause. In other patients, the disease is often confused with various
    mental disorders, heart disease and so on.

    As
    hypothyroidism, patients with hyperthyroidism is sometimes difficult
    remember all the symptoms as inability
    concentrate or irritability are some of his
    symptoms. In this case it is convenient to keep a diary and record all
    harassing you symptoms or questions you want to ask your doctor.

    at
    objective examination of the doctor should pay attention to your appearance,
    body weight, condition of skin, hair, nails, eyes, your communication style
    or conversation. For example, a quick and hasty statement of the complaints can
    bring the doctor to the idea of ​​thyrotoxicosis. Next, the doctor will
    the whole body examination. It is mandatory to define
    state of the thyroid gland, counting pulse rate, blood pressure measurement.

    Depending on the results of hormonal assays doctor may also prescribe you some additional research:

    • Hyperthyroidism, Diagnosis and TreatmentUS - A method based on the formation pattern
      the test body on the basis of ultrasound reflected from structures
      waves. The method is safe for both of the subject and the physician. at
      diffuse toxic goiter determined by diffuse enlargement of the thyroid
      gland in nodular and multinodular goiter may be determined
      the number and size of nodules.
    • scan (scintigraphy) thyroid gland
      the use of radioactive iodine or technetium - method based on
      assessment of the capture of radioactive substances by the thyroid gland. Indications
      for this study is to detect when
      thyrotoxicosis nodules in the thyroid gland. Besides,
      a method widely used in thyroid nodules
      to eliminate their independent functioning.
    • Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNA) of the thyroid gland - cell harvesting from any part of the thyroid zhelezys using a thin needle for the purpose of
      further study them under a microscope. The procedure is painless and
      informative in the hands of an experienced specialist. The indication for
      this study is the detection of nodal education
      the thyroid gland, which is well palpated or exceeds according
      US 1 cm in diameter.
    • computer or magnetic resonance imaging - Methods of diagnosis, usually carried out in the presence of endocrine ophthalmopathy or suspected pituitary disease.



    How is the treatment of hyperthyroidism

    Treatment of patients
    thyrotoxicosis is much more complicated than the treatment of patients with
    hypothyroidism. There are three main methods of treatment of hyperthyroidism. On
    the first stage of the doctor is likely to prescribe you one of thyreostatic
    drugs. For many patients, it is sufficient to
    eliminate the symptoms of the disease. However, with the abolition of
    thyreostatics even after long-term treatment
    frequency of disease recurrence is 50%. In such cases, patients
    illustrated surgery or radioiodine therapy.

    appointment
    medications that suppress the activity of the thyroid gland - thyreostatics -
    It is the method of choice in the treatment of diffuse toxic goiter in our and most countries
    Europe with newly diagnosed diffuse toxic goiter small
    sizes. When treating thyreostatics very important
    right and take the drug in a timely manner and regularly
    to be screened.

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