Regardless of what caused the disease
thyroid disorders, the manifestations of the same type of hyperthyroidism, and their severity depends on
hormones level in blood and the duration of the disease. In 60-80% of cases of hyperthyroidism - a symptom
diffuse toxic goiter, Graves' disease called, on its example we
analyze the state of the clinic.
What happens in the body?
Thyroid hormones affect all the vital
authorities, the level of hormones determines the basal metabolism. Under
the action of thyroxine and triiodothyronine increases oxygen consumption
tissues, accelerating metabolic processes, there is an intensive selection
heat. Against the background of hyperthyroidism increases the sensitivity of tissues to
sympathetic stimulation and catecholamines.
Activation of metabolic processes results in an increase
synthesis of sex hormones, particularly estrogens, and increased amounts of
globulin - protein retention in blood estrogens. This causes such symptoms of hyperthyroidism in women,
as a violation of menstrual function until the complete cessation of menstruation and
infertility. In men, the presence of a large number of female hormones such as
synthetic intermediate androgens increases milk
glands - gynecomastia.
The rapid destruction of the adrenal hormone cortisol
due to the influence of thyroid hormones leads to the development of adrenal
failure - gipokortitsizm.
The main manifestations
hyperthyroidism is associated with acceleration of metabolism, toxic
effects on the nervous, cardio - vascular and digestive system.
The effect on the endocrine system, and
metabolism is reflected in the following symptoms.
- Weight loss despite increased appetite.
Sweating and heat intolerance, skin
reddened, warm and moist. Thinning hair, silky, nails
thickened, brittle, sometimes swelling shins.
- A sign
Hyperthyroidism in women is often a reduction in the duration and
volume of menses, menstrual elongation, loss
menstruation until the complete amenorrhea. There are problems with conception and
carrying a pregnancy. In men develop gynecomastia.
Cardiovascular symptoms of hyperthyroidism
Tachycardia at rest, beats, arrhythmia,
Hypertension or high blood pressure,
top pressure rises considerably lower, increased pulse
pressure, indicating that the increased load on the heart.
The heart works hard, left ventricle
hypertrophy and weakens - there is heart failure with edema,
accumulation of fluid in the abdominal and thoracic cavity, enlarged liver, dyspnea.
Neurological symptoms of hyperthyroidism
- General weakness, fatigue.
- Headaches migraine character.
Causeless anxiety, irritability, frequent
mood swings, tearfulness, decreased resistance to stress.
- Insomnia and other sleep disorders.
- Increased tendon reflexes.
Gastrointestinal symptoms of hyperthyroidism
- Increased appetite for slimming background.
- Nausea and sometimes vomiting.
Long flowing hyperthyroidism leads to the so-called "thyroid
eye disease, "pronounced with Graves' disease. The condition is characterized
lifting the upper and lower eyelid prolapse, protrusion of the eyeball,
incomplete by closing the eyelids, periorbital edema and proliferation of tissues. In severe
cases, increased intraocular pressure leads to blindness.
This is the most severe complication of hyperthyroidism and diffuse
toxic goiter that occurs when a sharp increase in the level of thyroid hormones
in the blood of patients with severe disease. Its development provoke
stress, infections, worsening of comorbidities, surgery on the thyroid
iron, injury, physical stress, pregnancy and childbirth.
About the beginning of thyrotoxic crisis says improving
body temperature, skin redness, the appearance of sweat, tremor, vomiting, diarrhea,
marked tachycardia at rest, palpitations, increased frequency
breathing, shortness of breath, excitement, alternating with adynamia and apathy, falling
blood pressure and loss of consciousness. In advanced cases
Hyperthyroidism can cause coma.