Types, Symptoms and prevention of age-related macular degeneration


What is age-related macular degeneration

Types, Symptoms and prevention of age-related macular degeneration Unlike glaucoma in its early stages thatviolates peripheral vision, age related macular degeneration affects the very "heart" of the eye - macular responsible for central vision acuity. Vision becomes blurred, the person is not able to clearly see the objects in front of the eyes. In some cases, the decrease in visual acuity is fast.
When macular degeneration in the middle of the field of view can beappear blind spot grows in size if macular degeneration progresses. It can take away your ability to perform daily work, requiring concentration of view, such as reading, sewing, driving, and simply recognize faces (peripheral vision does not change).

Macular degeneration have a devastating effect on thecentral vision, but peripheral vision is preserved. Patients, even with the most complex form of age-related macular degeneration retain the ability to navigate in space, however, macular degeneration can greatly restrict vision, and deprive you of a full life.

Macular degeneration - the most common cause of blindness in people over 55 years.
As we age, the process progresses. For example, more than 13 million Americans have symptoms of macular degeneration, and 5% of people over 65 years of experience because of her visual impairment. Since macular degeneration does not strike the peripheral vision, patients rarely completely lose his sight.
macular degeneration treatment is usually combined therapy. The scheme of treatment a doctor determines, depending on the survey results.
There are dry and wet macular degeneration.

Dry macular degeneration and its signs

Although the symptoms of this disease are very diverse, following initial symptoms are observed:
  • blurred vision;
  • difficulty in reading and recognizing faces.

Watch out for these symptoms and at the slightestsuspected, seek medical attention. Dry age-related macular degeneration does not cause any pain! But you may notice a blind spot in the center of the visual field. Over time, it can increase and cause fogging of the entire field of view. However, if age-related macular degeneration occurs only in one eye, you can long ignore visual impairment, as there is compensation for the expense of a healthy eye.

How to recognize a wet macular degeneration

Treat symptoms very carefully wet macular degeneration, and the manifestation of one or more of them seek medical advice immediately.

Symptoms of wet macular degeneration:
  • straight lines begin to appear wavy, andthings look distorted or center of the picture is more blurred than the rest (this is the early symptoms of wet macular degeneration, caused by multiple hemorrhages, leading to a change in position, and the subsequent destruction of the macular);
  • blurred vision;
  • faded paint;
  • difficulties in reading (this symptom may disappear if better lighting);
  • difficulty in recognizing individuals;
  • initially small, but gradually grows dark or colorless spot in the center of the visual field.

Wet macular degeneration is also painless, patients are not observed, and symptoms such as redness, irritation and tearing.

How to prevent macular degeneration

As yet there is no one hundred percenteffective method for the treatment of macular degeneration, you can only take some measures that will delay the disease or alleviate its course. Because smoking adversely affects the health, quit smoking, you will take a very important preventive step. Wear a hat and sunglasses, to as little as possible of ultraviolet rays entering the eye, because it is assumed that sunlight stimulates the development of macular degeneration.

Studies prove the effectiveness ofcertain foods to prevent macular degeneration (AMD). People of middle and advanced age makes a diet rich in fresh fruits and green leafy vegetables such as spinach and kale. Supplements of antioxidants - vitamins - can also help (be careful: too high dose of some vitamins can be dangerous to health, before you start taking proprietary fortified supplements, consult your doctor).

There are also studies showing thatfood, saturated fats can increase the risk of disease. Although it is not yet fully proven, but the reduction of concentrated fat in your diet will allow you to avoid certain ailments. The most obvious effect of diets with fresh fruits and leafy vegetables.

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