Types and symptoms of colitis in children


Types and symptoms of colitis in children
Colitis - an inflammation of the intestinal mucosa. In childhood pathology
common. It is believed that chronic colitis in adults originates
in childhood. In order to avoid the development of complications is necessary
spend adequate therapy at the initial stage of the pathological progression
process and to continue to follow closely the development of the situation, spending
regular checkups and diagnostics.

Types of colitis in children

Depending on the cause of the disease distinguish several types of colitis:

  • Acute colitis in children: its symptoms differ
    the intensity and the process develops on the background of an infectious disease,
    infection with worms; manifested by severe pain in the abdomen, diarrhea, vomiting,
    malaise, dehydration.
  • Chronic colitis: flows with regular exacerbations of the disease
    usually develops after acute inflammation nedolechennaya
    in the intestinal mucosa.
  • Allergic colitis in children: there is in the background
    hypersensitivity to certain allergens from food.
  • Drug colitis: it is based on long-term use
    Drug (antibiotic drugs, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory
  • Pseudomembranous colitis in children: inflammatory bowel disease
    develops due to long-term treatment with antibiotics.
  • Segmental colitis: a pathologic nidus is localized in
    colon specific area.
  • Ulcerative colitis in children: acute symptoms manifested, characterized by bloody diarrhea,
    pain, ulceration of the intestinal mucosa, which often
    end perforation of its wall and the development of excessive bleeding.

Types and symptoms of colitis in children
The symptoms of colitis in children
typically characterized by pain. The pain may be dull, dull,
occurring periodically, and may be - a dagger and intolerable. The symptoms of ulcerative colitis in children
(Non-specific) are somewhat different from acute inflammation caused by
penetration into the gut pathogens. Flatulence can be weak
developed, but in the stool toddler parents often find blood impurity. at
the progression of the disease the blood becomes more noticeable, can begin
bleeding. Against the background of allergic colitis in
children often reveals skin rashes, mucus from the nose and
Other signs of a severe reaction to the use of forbidden foods.

How to eat with colitis in children?

Nutrition for
colitis of any kind should be special. Because the diet is necessary to exclude all
dishes that can irritate the digestive tract: acid
juices, sausages, smoked meats, sauces, condiments, pickles, mushrooms, hard bread,
fresh fruits and vegetables.

In the early days
development of colitis in children recommended partial starvation. Permission is granted to low-fat
soup, a small amount of mucous porridges on water. Further expanding diet,
but most of the restrictions still maintained. A strict diet is necessary
observe the period of acute illness. When recovery occurs,
not enough to eat the forbidden food and drinks aggressive.

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