Scientists have discovered chlamydia relatively recently - in theearly 80s. Of the four currently known species of these microorganisms only one capable of causing chlamydia - an infectious disease transmitted mainly through sexual contact. However, there are other ways of infection, for example, the real danger of infection from the sick child to the mother, fetus or during birth. Domestic infection - a rare case. However, chlamydia can enter the body through the general hygiene: sponges, towels, as the aqueous medium long enough stored chlamydia.
Most other household by infected children, especially in families where the disease suffered at least one adult.
The most common infection is creeping inform, at least - in the form of acute inflammatory processes. In men, chlamydia may be accompanied by discomfort, pain, itching in the urethra. Women are sometimes concerned mucous discharge or itching and burning in the genital area.
However, there are obvious symptoms of the diseasenot always. Intrigue chlamydia is that the early stages of the disease is almost does not manifest itself and its manifestations are so insignificant that people just do not pay attention to them.
Meanwhile, the disease continues to evolve. In men, the infection can penetrate into the seminal vesicles, epididymis, and then in the egg itself. It is fraught with violation of potency and decrease the number of sperm in the semen.
Chlamydia cause inflammation of the urethra(urethritis), and the transition into the chronic stage settle in the prostate gland and cause chronic prostatitis. All this is also facing infertility or infection of the fetus.
Typically, patients complain of discomfort during or at the end of urination in the urethra, in the lower abdomen, irregular pain in the perineum, sacral and suprapubic region.
In women, chlamydia, and up the urinarygenital tract, vagina hit series, cervix, uterus itself, fallopian tubes, ovaries. Chlamydia live cells lining the urinary tract and the uterine cervix. Therefore, the main symptoms of the disease - a violation of urination (burning, itching), cervical erosion. If chlamydia is not cured at this stage, the pathogens can rise above and cause endometritis (inflammation of the lining of the uterus), and inflammation of the appendages.
This leads to pain in the lower abdomen,menstrual disorders. During pregnancy, chlamydia can manifest itself miscarriage and fetal infection, and in some cases and does lead to obstruction of the fallopian tubes and infertility.
Further development of the disease leads to spread throughout the body of Chlamydia. Affects joint tissue, conjunctiva, and other internal organs.
The fact that chlamydia rarely occursacute, with classic symptoms, greatly complicates the process of identifying and treating patients. Doctors often have to deal with advanced cases, when the disease has entered the chronic stage and difficult to treat.
According to statistics, in patientsdermatovenereological medical institutions chlamydia occurs 2-3 times more frequently than gonorrhea. But, given that carried far from everywhere for medical help treat only a few, and chlamydia diagnosis, it can be assumed that the number of people infected with chlamydia much more.
There are several methods for diagnosis of chlamydia. The most accurate diagnosis is considered the DCO. Other diagnostic methods often give false positive results.
Chlamydia are treated with great difficulty. Most often to get rid of them, you need about a month, but there are cases when treatment can last up to six months. Treatment regimens may be different, but the key to success - treatment together with the sexual partner.
Modern technologies of treatment of chlamydiaIt involves the integrated use of antibiotics, immunostimulatory drugs and physiotherapy. Of which in recent times we are very well established and low-frequency pulsed laser therapy.
Because drugs oftenused antibiotics tetracycline group and macrolides, which prescribe short courses. Despite the availability of these drugs doctors now seriously warn against self-use. Both the drug and its dosage regimen should appoint a doctor. Wrong and uncontrolled use of antibiotics can not get rid of chlamydia completely, but cause refractory drug forms of the pathogen. And then deal with the disease will be much more difficult.