Fibroids are benign tumors,which does not turn into a malignant and not a risk of the main reproductive organ cancer. Despite the seeming harmlessness of this disease may be insidious - nodules for fibroids can hide malignancies. It is therefore important for every woman to visit the gynecologist 2 times a year.
Uterine fibroids - the most commondisease among women of childbearing age. Found in 20% of 100 women, age after 30 years. Every year, the risk of developing this disease is increasing. In recent years, the diagnosis is made, gynecologists and women in the 25 and even 20 years.
What is a fibroid?
This benign nodules of the connective tissuevary in size from a few millimeters up to 30 cm. As mentioned previously, the tumor does not degenerate into cancerous tissue, but 3% of the 100 that could happen.
Nodules can be placed in the uterine wall,and on the surface. Weight tumors also can vary from 1 gram to tens (!) Kilograms! The biggest in the history of gynecology tumor weighing nearly 70 kg.
According to gynecologists, a frequent cause of tumor formation is the damage to the muscles of the uterus after surgical manipulations: scraping for medical reasons, frequent abortions, Rupture of muscle fibers during childbirth. In most cases, fibroid tissue organ arises from injury when bleeding occurs, and the cells embedded in connective tissue, forming a scar. The same can be said about the scars tissue formed after dissection of tissue with surgery (abdominal surgery, cesarean section). In this case, the scar tissue does not develop into malignant tumors, fibroids and so, too, does not degenerate into cancer cells. Only in exceptional cases (3%) occurs degeneration of tissues. The reasons remain unknown.
Not only surgery may affect the growth of benign cells in the uterus:
- hormonal changes;
- genetic predisposition;
- inflammation of the pelvic organs;
- unbalanced diet;
- late delivery;
- irregular sexual life.
What are the symptoms of the disease
If you are diagnosed with "Uterine Fibroids" ingynecological examination time, but if the tumor does not cause discomfort, you do not need to do anything. There are several "no" when a woman can wait and do nothing:
- if the tumor does not cause severe pain;
- If there is no gravity to the bottom of the stomach;
- If the tumor is not an obstacle to conception;
- no rapid nodule growth;
- the tumor is less than 10 cm in size.
So women need to visit a gynecologistat least 2 times a year to an expert in control tumor growth. Regular diagnostics (US), will help to control the disease and prevent complications in the early stages.
Treatment fibromatous nodules
Women with uterine fibroid necessarynecessarily be observed not only by a gynecologist and a specialist endocrinologist. If the tumor is small size, it is sufficient to only control the disease. If there are no symptoms, and the woman feels good, then you do not need to treat the tumor. But we can not relax. our website reminds readers that if fibroids do not grow during the year and does not manifest itself, it does not mean that it will disappear completely. They are not going anywhere! As long as women go monthly, you must be under the supervision of specialists, the only thing that can please - the so-called rebound effect. When the monthly terminated due to menopause (menopause), then in 1-2 years, if not more, tumors nodules can harden take the form calcinate.
In each case, treatment with a particular womanmay be different, this is due not only to the size of tumors. In the note taken everything from the patient's age, hormonal levels, the rate of growth of tissues and location of fibroids nodules.
Common treatment options for the disease:
In the first case, the woman recommended intakegormonosoderzhaschih drugs to suppress the production of the hormone estrogen, which stimulates the formation of tumors. Women may have to take drugs such as' Zoladex 'or' Danazol. " It is necessary to remember that self-start hormonal drugs can not, because self can lead to tragic consequences. Only a doctor has the right to appoint, after a full examination of hormones course. Many women refuse to hormone therapy because of severe side effects and prefer convenient method of treatment of uterine fibroids - using hormonal intrauterine spiral "Mirena". Only this spiral contains a progestogen hormone, which is released every day into the uterus and stops the growth of tumors in micro-doses. In addition, the spiral has a contraceptive action simultaneously.
Surgical treatment may be recommendedwhen the tumor had reached a large size. For women of childbearing age who are planning a pregnancy, the only chance is surgery - sparing surgery (laparoscopy and gistero-), can only be removed when the node itself, and the lumen of blood vessels overlap. The uterus is then stored.
Radical method of treatment is assigned to women inwhich reached the fibroid is too large or is growing rapidly and represents a threat to life, interfering with the normal operation of neighboring authorities. For women older than 40 years if they are not planning a pregnancy, it may also be recommended complete removal of genitals.
How to prevent tumor development?
Gynecologists strongly recommend starting withadolescence, conduct conversations with the girls to avoid abortion. In addition, you need time to adjust hormonal disturbances in the body and treat gynecological diseases.
Prevention of fibroids is as follows: the taboo of abortion, and the first birth is desirable to plan for 22 years, the following - 25 and so on up to 35 years. Late delivery can also trigger the growth of nodules. Realizing that the disease peaks between the ages of 30 years, it is necessary to avoid stress, maintain a healthy lifestyle, eat right (mono-diet, especially meat, can trigger the development of the disease), it is undesirable to get involved in a visit to the solarium, less sunbathing and sauna. Be healthy!