Treatment and prevention of hepatic insufficiency

Content

  • Liver failure and its stage
  • Treatment and prevention of hepatic insufficiency



  • Liver failure and its stage

    The liver - the biggest digestive gland,It weighs about 1.5 kg. It is very difficult arranged with an extremely diverse body functions. The liver is involved in the metabolism, detoxifies harmful substances for the body; produced in the liver blood proteins (albumins, globulins, many clotting factors). In addition, the liver produces bile, promotes the assimilation of fat. Remarkably, if you - a healthy liver. And if not? How to treat people, liver disease was complicated by liver failure?

    So let's first deal with the term: what is liver failure?
    The syndrome of liver failure - syndrome characterized by a violation of one or many functions of the liver due to acute or chronic damage to its tissues.

    There are acute and chronic liver failure and its three stages:
    • Stage I - the initial (compensated);
    • II stage - expressed (decompensated);
    • Stage III - terminal (dystrophic).

    End-stage liver failure ends hepatic coma.


    Acute liver failure canoccur in severe forms of viral hepatitis, poisoning, industrial (arsenic, phosphorus and others.), vegetable (inedible mushrooms) and other poisons, certain medications (extract of male fern, tetracycline, etc.), transfusion inogruppnoy blood and in some other cases.

    Chronic liver failure occurs in the progression of many chronic liver diseases (cirrhosis, malignant tumor and the like. D.).

    When liver failure most suffers antitoxic liver function, decreases as its participation in the exchange of different types (protein, fat, carbohydrate, electrolyte, vitamin, and others.).

    Treatment and prevention of hepatic insufficiency


    Treatment and prevention of hepatic insufficiencyPatients with acute liver failure(Regardless of the stage) immediately hospitalized (in viral hepatitis, leptospirosis and other infectious diseases - in infectious diseases hospitals, with toxic liver damage - in poisoning centers).
    In acute liver failure occurred andHepatic coma is very important to intensive therapeutic measures to support the patient's life during the critical period (a few days), counting on a significant regenerative capacity of the liver. Carry out the treatment of the underlying disease, with toxic gepatozah - measures aimed at removing toxic factor.

    Assign laxatives, enemas. In order to bind the ammonia accumulated in the organism, intravenously glutamic acid.

    In chronic liver failurecarry out treatment of the underlying disease and symptomatic therapy. Limit protein intake from food, milk products useful, laxatives and enemas administered in order to remove the protein from the intestinal degradation products; courses of antibiotics prescribed inside.

    Intravenously administered solutions of glucose, glutamicacid is prescribed vitamins. Strictly prohibits alcoholic beverages, narcotics, barbiturates. Patients with chronic liver disease, complicated by liver failure, unable to work and need to be translated into a disability.

    Prevention of acute liver failurereduced to the prevention of infectious and toxic liver damage. Prevention of chronic liver failure - a timely treatment of liver diseases that can serve its cause. Of great importance is the fight against alcoholism.

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