Foodborne diseases in children: Symptoms and Diagnosis

Content


The first symptoms of food
poisoning in children can occur a few hours after
receiving contaminated food. Parents sometimes confuse the child with
viral diseases, especially if children are occasionally ill rotavirus
infection, influenza with fever and diarrhea. But in any case, the exact
diagnosis can only put the doctor on the basis of the results of modern
instrumental and laboratory diagnostic species.


Foodborne diseases in children: Symptoms

Acute food
poisoning symptoms in children are similar to ordinary food
poisoning. The child vomits, there is an abundant mucous stools in
which can be detected streaks of blood. He feels the baby is rapidly deteriorating.
The child becomes depressed, weak. Against the background of abundant vomiting and diarrhea quickly
developing dehydration.

Toxins resulting from consumption of food,
infected with infectious agents that adversely affect the body hit
internal organs, causing malfunction of many systems. During probing
abdomen indicated moderate pain, muscle wall can be
tense. Body temperature may be elevated up to and fever seizures.
Watery stools and vomiting gastric contents exhausting child deprived of his
forces.

When you call the hospital emergency care is organized,
comprising:

  • Lavage the stomach and intestines: these events
    directed to removal from the body of the child poison residues and products
    vital activity of infectious agents;
  • Foodborne diseases in children: Symptoms and Diagnosis

  • Admission enterosorbents;
  • Antibiotics depending on the species
    pathogens and determine its sensitivity to different types of
    antimicrobials;
  • Restoration of water and electrolyte balance with
    using oral rehydration therapy or intravenous administration of special funds;
  • Receiving drugs that suppress the gag reflex.


Diagnosis of food poisoning in children

Foodborne diseases in
children require a comprehensive diagnosis,
which helps to identify the true causes of poisoning and pick
the most effective means to combat infectious agents.
Survey for poisoning involves performing the following procedures:

  • Bacteriological studies faeces, blood,
    vomit;
  • IFA;
  • PCR;
  • Instrumental methods of studying the state
    internal organs.

Diagnosis of food
poisoning in children is usually straightforward. On admission
a child with vomiting, diarrhea and other symptoms of poisoning Doctor carefully
exploring the history, examining the skin and mucous kid asks
the parents of the subjective symptoms of food poisoning.

Poisoning must be differentiated from acute
appendicitis, meningitis, cholecystitis, intestinal infection. But experienced
make it simple. Often parents do know what kind of product
provoked the appearance of poisoning. If contaminated food remains, and it is
subjected to careful scrutiny.

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