Arachnoiditis or why the inflamed lining of the brain

Content

  • Arachnoiditis, when there is inflammation
  • Signs and form of arachnoiditis
  • Difficulties diagnosing arachnoiditis
  • Treatment and prevention of arachnoiditis


  • Arachnoiditis, when there is inflammation

    Arachnoiditis or why the inflamed lining of the brainHeadache no surprise. It accompanies many diseases. The flu, migraine, cervical osteochondrosis, diseases of the cardiovascular system, alcohol intoxication, drugs, endocrine disorders, and so on. However, the arachnoiditis stands out in a number of diseases, which are characterized by headache. The fact that the arachnoiditis a headache almost constantly. Varies only the severity of the headache: it becomes something more, some less, intensifying under the influence of physical and mental overstrain, hypothermia and other causes.

    What is arachnoiditis? The name of the disease comes from the Greek word for "Arachne" - spider. Arachnoiditis - an inflammation of the arachnoid of the brain - the fine network of blood vessels and connective tissue structures that cover the brain from the outside. In a normal brain, as it were floating in the "lakes of liquor", that is, the cerebrospinal fluid. However, if there is inflammation, the circulation of the cerebrospinal fluid is disturbed, its outflow from the head to the spinal cord is difficult, and cranial nerves are inflamed.

    Thus, the main cause ofarachnoiditis - a penetration of infection. This occurs as a result of complications of common infections, such as influenza, pneumonia, measles and others. They represent a danger as the focal foci of infection - sinusitis, tonsillitis, otitis media. Arachnoiditis may arise as a result of aseptic inflammation associated with microbial not defeat. This occurs particularly in traumatic brain injury. Sometimes arachnoiditis occurs in patients with encephalitis.


    Signs and form of arachnoiditis

    Arachnoiditis distinguish between different forms of localization, but regardless of that, he has a number of common features:
    • It occurs 10-12 days after infection;
    • headache Expander or pressing nature. At an altitude headache possible vomiting;
    • sleep disturbance;
    • decreased performance, weakness, fatigue;
    • blurred vision;
    • emotional instability.

    There are three main forms of arachnoiditis, each of which has its own characteristics:

    • optohiazmalny or arachnoiditis anterior cranialfossa (a consequence of inflammation in the paranasal sinuses). It is characterized by blurred vision, which may develop slowly or, conversely, quickly. In the fundus possible effects of stagnation or neuritis, optic atrophy, atrophy of the optic nerve. There may be double vision. Sometimes developing metabolic disorders: diabetes insipidus, obesity and so on.
    • arachnoiditis posterior fossa (usuallyconsequence of a middle ear disease). It manifests intense, periodically growing headache with nausea and vomiting, may develop hydrocephalus. disease often resembles a brain tumor.
    • convexital arachnoiditis. It is characterized by seizures, which sometimes occurs when loss of consciousness.

    Most arachnoiditis sick woman.


    Difficulties diagnosing arachnoiditis

    Diagnosis arachnoiditis very difficult. Even the use of modern methods of investigation does not guarantee accurate results. However, it is common enough. It was his abundance some doctors explain the large number of patients with hypochondria and asthenoneurotic disorders.

    Treatment and prevention of arachnoiditis

    If there are pockets of bacterial infections, the doctor prescribes antibiotics, sulfonamides. In all cases of arachnoiditis showing iodine drugs, biostimulators, diuretics, analgesics.

    The prognosis for a favorable living and working. However, to fully recover from arachnoiditis is practically impossible, it is a chronic disease. It is therefore important to prevent the occurrence of this disease.

    As a precaution arachnoiditis may make prevention, early diagnosis and timely treatment of acute infectious diseases, focal foci of infection, traumatic brain injury.

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