Dizziness - perhaps one of the most common complaints with
which refer patients to doctors. Today, on this issue of our
readers consults the central head of the department of neurology
medical unit number 119 of the Federal Space Agency.
It would seem to explain what vertigo is not necessary, because the
a state of well-known people. The feeling of movement surrounding
objects or own body and imbalance had
experience for most of us. Someone not tolerate driving in
transport, the other recalls the swings and roundabouts, to deliver
trouble as a child, or discomfort at the height. But although
dizziness in itself is not a disease, it can be
symptom of not less than 80 diseases, including life-threatening.
With cardiovascular disease the patient sometimes takes over
dizziness, lightheadedness feeling of faintness, loss approaching
consciousness. And the impression of emptiness, "lightheadedness" combined with
skin pallor, palpitations, nausea, blackouts. Sometimes
Patients complain of dizziness taking a feeling of heaviness in the head
or feelings like intoxication, which are psychogenic and
usually with nervousness and depression. The instability, shaky
( "Drunk") gait occur, usually due to disorders departments
nervous system to provide spatial coordination. violation
balance too often patients feel dizzy.
True, the so-called systemic, dizziness appears
result of a mismatch between sensory functions of the body. Human
"Losing ground" in the defeat of the vestibular apparatus. Him
it seems that the walls and ceiling tilt, fall, swing or he
he falls, is supposedly on shaky ground as the swamp.
Nausea, vomiting and sweating accompany these symptoms.
Such vestibular dizziness (vertigo) is most often
paroxysmal, episodic. It provokes, for example, disease
Meniere's. Then, in addition to the patient's vertigo plagued by several hours
nausea, vomiting, noise and congestion of the ear and hearing loss.
Bouts of vertigo and hearing loss are fraught
labyrinthitis - complications of otitis media and herpes zoster virus
origin. Often vestibular vertigo occur in the background
cervical degenerative disc disease, for thyroid disease and diabetes
diabetes, in the vegetative-vascular dystonia, an atherosclerosis and hypertension.
But more often, particularly in elderly patients, dizziness case
the sudden change in body position, lean forward and tilting
head back. With age, the number of attacks is growing, and
like pathology in women occurs twice as often. Usually,
this dizziness lasted less than a minute and ends
Diagnosis and treatment of dizziness
Given the multiplicity of causes of vertigo, your doctor is
At first it is difficult to establish the correct diagnosis. The more that any
illusory sensations of motion, such as rocking or instability,
Patients referred to as vertigo. A recurring dizziness dangerous
due to the deterioration of the brain with oxygen and nutrient supply
substances. Hence - the possibility of stroke, dyscirculatory
encephalopathy, memory loss and a decline in the overall quality of life.
So do not be surprised Dr. meticulousness, which reveals the nature of the
dizziness, asking if there was any head or neck injury, and
What medications or patient uses glasses. For the final
conclusion requires inspection not just a neurologist, and ophthalmologist, and
the availability of ECG and ultrasound.
Treatment is usually appointed complex, constitute the basis of his
drugs that improve cerebral circulation. But, despite this
a variety of drugs, doctors are often faced
so that patients themselves prescribe nitroglycerin under attack
dizziness. But! Nitroglycerin dilates coronary vessels, and those
that supply the brain, constricts. Thus, only dizziness
Another obstacle for the treatment - too late visit to a doctor, which complicates the situation further violations.
Physical therapy - one of the components of the treatment of recurrent
dizziness. In the absence of tumor lesions of the vestibular
neurologist system assigns thermal procedures, electrophoresis,
various types of massage, chiropractic and acupuncture.
By the way, chiropractic recently changed significantly in
Compared to "kostopravnym art" of the late twentieth century. Now in its foundation
on the principle of mobilizing and relax the muscles. Starting from the same
principle is used and various exercises to improve
blood supply to the brain.
Here are some of them:
extending at an inclination of the head more than the rest of the 7th vertebra. push
neck abutting on the palm and turn your head to the left while inhaling.
Hold your breath in tense position for 5-7 seconds. Then exhale
return to starting position and relax for 10 seconds. Repeat
Exercise 3-5 times by doing it many times in the other direction.
- Sit up straight in bed, his legs stretched out and pressed her hands to her hips,
looking forward. Quickly go back and go back to the original
position. Or lying on his back, turn your head to the left.
Some of my players with the emergence of recurrent vertigo
refuse to exercise. And in vain. The move should be
certainly, although somewhat changed the rules to comply with slow
pace. You can not, for example, dramatically changing the body position in bed,
turn your slowly. Getting up from the bed, take the time to jump, sit first and then do
first step. Do not turn around sharply on someone else's call. And please
street in satellites stick to, if necessary, be supported, not
to search frantically for that to grasp. And to choose physical education
movement without sudden jolts and jerks. Give preference to walking,
swimming, cycling and skiing. In short, make haste slowly.