Hallucinations (from the Latin. Hallucination - delirium, vision) - imaginary
images of objects and situations perceived as real, but
missing actually arising spontaneously without sensory
stimulation. Invokes an internal mental factors (
Contrary to the illusion, which is the distorted perception
external stimuli). Another 7 in. Indian philosopher Kumarilla Bhatta
voiced consonant modern speculation about the human deceit
perception. The illusory image, he argued, is determined perversion
Relations between the external object and the body. The reasons may be
defects of the senses, as well as such disorders as memory images
projected to the outside world and become hallucinations.
Some hallucinations may have a bright color sensual,
credibility and projected to the outside and to be indistinguishable from the real
perceptions. Such hallucinations are called true. other
perceived internal hearing or seeing, are located in the
internal field of consciousness and being felt as a result of the impact of some
external force causing vision, voice, etc. This phenomenon is described
in the late 19th century. Russian psychiatrist V.H.Kandinskim called
The symptoms of hallucinations
Hallucinating patient simultaneously with the false images can
and to perceive reality. His attention is
unevenly distributed, often shifting towards cheats
perception. Understanding pain mostly hallucinations
no, the patient behaves exactly as if it apparent
actually it happened. Often hallucinations, whatever
irrational regardless of their content, for the patient more relevant than
reality and patients treat them as well as to the corresponding
real phenomena. Patients intently at something stare,
turn away, close your eyes, look around, dismiss, are protected,
try to touch or grab something by hand, listen,
their ears, sniffing, dropping something off his body, etc.
Under the influence of hallucinations committed various deeds that reflect
content deceptions of perception: the patients hide, something to seek out,
catch, attacking others, sometimes trying to kill himself, destroy
items, defend fleeing, handle complaints, etc.
When auditory hallucinations speak aloud "voice". how
Typically, patients find that others perceive the same as they
in their hallucinations - hearing the same voice, the same test
vision, smell. Clearly expressed emotional reactions,
the nature of which reflects the content of the perception of deception, fear, rage,
The patient is in great difficulty if the imaginary and
real images enter into a relationship of antagonism and have equal
force influence on behavior. With such a "split" personality as a patient
there would be two "dimensions" once in a conflict situation
conscious and unconscious.
Insane, especially schizophrenic
or manic depression, may believe that he - envoy
heaven, and constantly hear the voice of God speaking to him. He can
feel the gentle touch of the angelic hands. these sensory
experiences that emanate from within the psyche, perceived as
genuine, really existing incentives that come from the outside.
Repeated hallucinations can create a mentally ill
fantasy world designed to accommodate
internal emotional conflict with reality. For less severe cases,
include hallucinations, typically auditory or visual which
occur in healthy people during periods of deep emotional
Hallucinations may be a hoax of any of the five basic senses,
those. they are visual, auditory, olfactory, gustatory,
the overall tactile hallucinations and feelings (experience occurring
inside the body of unusual processes sensations from the presence of
organism foreign matter, etc.).
If the patient hears voices - it is auditory hallucinations; if he sees the dead - visual. A patient paranoia,
always felt that the room smells of toxic gases,
penetrating through the wall, suffering olfactory hallucinations.
The man who complains that his pursuers hit
electrical discharges, experiencing tactile hallucinations. In
the patient feels that his blended food poison taste
hallucinations. Hallucinations possible arising out of some
specific sensory field. Thus, the patient may feel that his
from a certain point on his head pouring water. Tactile (tactile)
hallucinations associated with the sensation of touch, usually unpleasant.
For example, Cocaine often complain of a feeling of running around under the skin
insects. In a state of delirium,
usually due to alcohol poisoning, patients are often seen
various small creatures. In this case, the patient describes
normal object, reduced to microscopic proportions. When
the patient complains that some body parts are not where we need to
be, and in some other place, talk about psychomotor hallucinations.
Hypnagogic hallucinations occur in mentally healthy individuals
the time between waking and sleeping. So sleepy behind the wheel of the driver,
late night traveling may suddenly hit the brakes, because
it appears quite clearly that he saw a man running out
on the road in front of the car.