Echinacea - beauty
This beautiful plant can be grown in the gardenand as an ornamental sections, and as a drug. Echinacea decorates the garden in late summer, when flowering perennials in the garden is not so much. Echinacea purpurea - a perennial herb of the family Asteraceae. The height of the stems - 60-100 cm, many-headed rhizome branched with numerous roots penetrate deeply into the soil. The roots and rhizomes of heavily burning taste. Leaves broadly, radical with long petioles and assembled rosette, stem-are short.
Inflorescences-baskets up to 10-12 cm in diameterlocated on the top of the stem and in the axils of upper leaves. Boundary ligulate flowers in the inflorescence light or dark purple on the receptacle between the small tubular flowers are arranged dark-colored sharp and prickly bracts. Fruits - four-sided brown achenes 5-6 mm long.
Homeland Echinacea purpurea - North America, whereit grows in the prairies on moist rich soils in the southeastern United States. As spectacular decorative plant Echinacea purpurea has long cultivated in many countries, in Russia, she appeared in the gardens at the beginning of the XIX century.
This plant was first described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753 under the name Rudbeckia purpurea and brought to the genus Rudbeckia. Forty years later, another botanist, isolated from the genus Rudbeckia genus Echinacea.
The features of these genera are: Rudbeckia in reed baskets flowers in yellow, orange, rarely red bracts on the receptacle are soft, not prickly, and echinacea flowers have purple or almost always crimson bracts rigid, prickly, subulate-pointed. Hence the name "echinacea" comes from the Greek word "ehinos" - prickly.
Indians of North America have long usedEchinacea purpurea and close to her form of Echinacea angustifolia for the treatment of many diseases, and among them many well-known medicinal plants Echinacea is especially appreciated.
They are the roots of Echinacea have always been considered the bestmeans for bites of poisonous snakes and blood poisoning, Echinacea treat ulcers, tumors, colds. In the twentieth century, many countries have begun to study the mechanism of action of Echinacea preparations on the human body, we have been studying this plant and in our country.
It turned out that it has very valuablefeature - the ability to increase the body's natural defenses and thus faster to cope with the disease. It also has anti-allergic, anti-bacterial, antiviral and protivomikoticheskim actions. As a medicinal plant used as an above-ground part of the plant, and rhizomes with roots.
For example, the juice from fresh cauliflowers accelerateswound healing. Currently, many medicines are sold in our pharmacies, which include Echinacea purpurea and Echinacea angustifolia. Echinacea purpurea is valuable also as a fodder plant and melliferous.
Grow a pharmacy in the garden
In central Russia coneflower grows well,but it requires care and attention, as the plant heat-loving. It must be grown in the sun and the rich in humus, well-drained, moist and deep enough treated soils. On light sandy soils of echinacea grows poorly. The soil is desirable to add a small amount of lime. In severe winters without snow, and especially plants can vymerznut and sometimes the plants the first year freeze and conventional winter, therefore, especially in cold places, it is better to hide a dry leaf.
Echinacea is propagated by seeds and vegetatively(Plant parts). When sown in May in open ground shoots appear after 2-3 weeks, sometimes later. By the end of the first year plants form a rosette of leaves 15-20 cm in height. They bloom the 2nd year, flowering lasts from late July - early August to September.
In central seeds ripen only in thoseinflorescences that bloom earlier than others, and if there is a warm September. In our conditions, is preferable to sow the seeds of Echinacea in the greenhouse in February - March, then plant the seedlings in the ground. In this case the plant may be in bloom seeding year. Vegetatively propagated by dividing the rhizomes of Echinacea in early spring.
As an ornamental plant echinacea can be plantedseparate groups amongst the lawn, in combination with a low-growing perennials, trees around. You can use this plant for cut flowers, inflorescences of Echinacea long standing in the water.
Echinacea and medicine
For medical purposes harvested plants from all age two years. Grass (top of the stems with buds) harvested at the beginning of flowering, dig the roots and rhizomes in the fall.
Infusion of herbs
1 tablespoon dried minced raw pour 1 cup boiling water, heat in a water bath for 10-15 minutes., To insist, is to cool, then strain. Take 1/3 cup 3 times a day.
1 tablespoon dried minced raw pour 300 ml of water, heated in a water bath 30 minutes., To insist to cool, drain. Take 1-2 tablespoons 3-4 times daily before meals.
Tincture of fresh rhizomes with roots
Chopped raw material to fill 95% alcohol sothat he barely covered it, leave 2 weeks, squeeze, drain. Take 25-30 drops 3 times a day for half an hour before meals. Keep refrigerated.