Ways of early detection of ovarian cancer
25% of cases of ovarian cancer are diagnosed in the early stages. Early diagnosis increases the likelihood of successful treatment of this tumor. In the case of 90% of early diagnosis of patients live for more than 5 years.
Ways of early detection of ovarian cancer. With regular pelvic exam, your doctor can determine the size, shape and consistency of the ovaries and uterus. However, even the most experienced physician can not detect small tumors.
Physical examination of the abdomenIt enables the physician to determine the existence of the touch on the liquid therein and sometimes the tumor. By intravaginal examination, he may also feel out any swelling in the pelvis or the ovaries. However, since many women who are both in pre- and postmenopausal have benign ovarian cyst, which can be quite large, any further swelling must examine to determine whether it is malignant or benign.
The next study will likely be an ultrasound scan or a CT scan taken in order to identify the possible increase or any abnormalities of the ovaries.
With the help of a smear from the vagina can be earlydiagnosis of cervical cancer, but this method can not detect most cases of ovarian cancer at an early stage. Only in the later stages of such a method can detect ovarian cancer.
If symptoms appear, seek medical advice.
Early symptoms of ovarian cancer are vague. They may be to increase the size of the abdomen due to the presence of the tumor, or fluid buildup, unusual vaginal bleeding, feeling of pressure in the pelvis, pain in the back or abdomen. Most of these symptoms may be associated with other, less serious diseases.
If it is assumed that there were signsThey are the result of ovarian cancer, then by that time the tumor has already gone beyond the limits of the body. In addition, some types of ovarian cancer quickly spread to nearby organs. When you have ovarian cancer symptoms seek medical attention immediately.
Screening for ovarian cancer
This method is used to detectdisease in people without symptoms. In women at high risk of developing epithelial ovarian cancer, for example, in the presence of ovarian cancer in the family, you should be screened with ultrasound vagina. However, this method can not distinguish benign from malignant tumors.
With the blood test protein CA-125 (OC-125)It is suspected ovarian cancer. However, there may be elevated levels of the protein with non-neoplastic diseases and low ovarian cancer. In the presence of elevated levels of the protein CA-125 is necessary to conduct additional tests, such as X-ray or the study of the abdominal cavity fluid.
Preliminary data showed that screeningWomen at average risk does not reduce the number of deaths from ovarian cancer. Therefore, the study of vaginal ultrasound and CA-125 level is not recommended for use in women with no known major risk factors.
There is no screening techniques forgerm and stromal ovarian tumors. Some isolated germinal tumor protein markers in blood (human chorionic gonadotrophin and alpha-fetoprotein). After treatment of such tumors by surgery or chemotherapy to determine the level of said protein markers can aid in the diagnosis of disease recurrence.