What is cancer of the vulva
Vulva are called the outer female sex Cancer of the vulva - is usually skin cancer near the entrance to the vagina. Cancer Like other malignant skin tumors, cancer of the vulva starts at
authorities. Vulvar cancer (carcinoma of the vulva) is only 4.3% of total
malignant tumors of female genitals and is usually detected
after menopause. As the aging population is expected to increase
the frequency of this cancer.
vulva often form the same types of cells, and malignant
tumors of the skin (epidermis and basal cells). Around
90% of cases of vulval cancer - a squamous cell carcinoma, 4% -
basal cell carcinoma. The remaining 6% are rare
malignant tumor (Paget's disease, cancer of the bar tolinovyh glands,
melanoma and others.).
first surface and extends into the surrounding tissue without penetrating
in other organs. Although some tumors may be aggressive,
most types of vulvar cancer grows relatively slowly. If
no treatment, there is their gradual introduction of
vagina, urethra or rectum, penetration into
lymph nodes in the area.
Cancer of the vulva - is usually skin cancer near the entrance to the vagina. Cancer
Like other malignant skin tumors, cancer of the vulva starts at
What are the symptoms and diagnosis of cancer of the vulva For the diagnosis of the doctor conducting a biopsy. After anesthesia
The development of vulvar cancer can be easily detected - appear unusual sites
or sores around the vagina. Sometimes there are areas with
peeling or change in color. The surrounding tissue may be
wrinkled appearance. Discomfort is usually not strong, however, concerned about the itching of the
vagina. In the future, often develop bleeding or appear
watery discharge. The appearance of these symptoms require immediate
treatment to the doctor.
suspicious area is removed a small anesthetic
the modified portion of the skin. A biopsy is needed to determine
whether malignant changes in the skin, or they are associated with infectious
inflammation or irritation. Biopsies also allows to recognize
type of cancer when it is detected, and define a strategy
For the diagnosis of the doctor conducting a biopsy. After anesthesia
Treatment of cancer of the vulva For the treatment of cancer by its very late stages Since the basal cell carcinoma of the vulva no tendency to form
Vulvectomy - an operation in which a large portion is removed
vulvar tissue near the vaginal opening. Vulvectomy needed when
all types of cancer of the vulva, except preinvasive carcinoma Removal
vulvar squamous tumors. such extensive
removal is carried out on the grounds that this type of vulvar cancer may
quickly penetrate into the surrounding tissue and lymph nodes. Because the
when vulvectomy can be removed and the clitoris, the doctor discusses the upcoming
treatment with a woman who has discovered cancer of the vulva, to develop
treatment plan best suited for it, taking into account
comorbidities, age, and sexual aspects of life.
Sexual intercourse after vulvectomy usually possible.
development, in which the cure is unlikely, after
surgery radiation therapy may be administered. If malignant
the tumor is detected and removed early, in 75% of cases does not occur
signs of its reappearance in the next 5 years; if the cancer
infiltrated lymph nodes survives at least 50% of women.
metastasis to distant organs, it is usually sufficient
surgical removal. If the cancer is small,
removing all of the vulva is required.
For the treatment of cancer by its very late stages
Since the basal cell carcinoma of the vulva no tendency to form