Cancer of the vulva: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Content

  • What is cancer of the vulva
  • What are the symptoms and diagnosis of cancer of the vulva
  • Treatment of cancer of the vulva


  • What is cancer of the vulva

    Vulva are called the outer female sex
    authorities. Vulvar cancer (carcinoma of the vulva) is only 4.3% of total
    malignant tumors of female genitals and is usually detected
    after menopause. As the aging population is expected to increase
    the frequency of this cancer.

    Cancer of the vulva - is usually skin cancer near the entrance to the vagina. Cancer
    vulva often form the same types of cells, and malignant
    tumors of the skin (epidermis and basal cells). Around
    90% of cases of vulval cancer - a squamous cell carcinoma, 4% -
    basal cell carcinoma. The remaining 6% are rare
    malignant tumor (Paget's disease, cancer of the bar tolinovyh glands,
    melanoma and others.).

    Like other malignant skin tumors, cancer of the vulva starts at
    first surface and extends into the surrounding tissue without penetrating
    in other organs. Although some tumors may be aggressive,
    most types of vulvar cancer grows relatively slowly. If
    no treatment, there is their gradual introduction of
    vagina, urethra or rectum, penetration into
    lymph nodes in the area.

    What are the symptoms and diagnosis of cancer of the vulva

    Cancer of the vulva: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment
    The development of vulvar cancer can be easily detected - appear unusual sites
    or sores around the vagina. Sometimes there are areas with
    peeling or change in color. The surrounding tissue may be
    wrinkled appearance. Discomfort is usually not strong, however, concerned about the itching of the
    vagina. In the future, often develop bleeding or appear
    watery discharge. The appearance of these symptoms require immediate
    treatment to the doctor.

    For the diagnosis of the doctor conducting a biopsy. After anesthesia
    suspicious area is removed a small anesthetic
    the modified portion of the skin. A biopsy is needed to determine
    whether malignant changes in the skin, or they are associated with infectious
    inflammation or irritation. Biopsies also allows to recognize
    type of cancer when it is detected, and define a strategy
    treatment.

    Treatment of cancer of the vulva

    Vulvectomy - an operation in which a large portion is removed
    vulvar tissue near the vaginal opening. Vulvectomy needed when
    all types of cancer of the vulva, except preinvasive carcinoma Removal
    vulvar squamous tumors. such extensive
    removal is carried out on the grounds that this type of vulvar cancer may
    quickly penetrate into the surrounding tissue and lymph nodes. Because the
    when vulvectomy can be removed and the clitoris, the doctor discusses the upcoming
    treatment with a woman who has discovered cancer of the vulva, to develop
    treatment plan best suited for it, taking into account
    comorbidities, age, and sexual aspects of life.
    Sexual intercourse after vulvectomy usually possible.

    For the treatment of cancer by its very late stages
    development, in which the cure is unlikely, after
    surgery radiation therapy may be administered. If malignant
    the tumor is detected and removed early, in 75% of cases does not occur
    signs of its reappearance in the next 5 years; if the cancer
    infiltrated lymph nodes survives at least 50% of women.

    Since the basal cell carcinoma of the vulva no tendency to form
    metastasis to distant organs, it is usually sufficient
    surgical removal. If the cancer is small,
    removing all of the vulva is required.

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