The purpose of this important procedure - deliberately runthe body's natural exchange for the supply of blood and oxygen molecules, it get rid of carbon dioxide. Rescue breathing is considered to be an invaluable chance for the brain to activate the "asleep" at the time of the respiratory center and cause a person who is unconscious, breathing on their own.
The air through the proceduresaturates the body injured, into the lungs, filling the alveoli. The area of the lung bubbles is very large, and the walls are thin enough to successfully carry out gas exchange: oxygen enters the blood and carbon dioxide, on the contrary, left her. Blood quickly carries vital oxygen throughout the body. Thus the procedure of artificial respiration starts oxidation processes in the body and maintain its vital functions.
What is CPR
Methods for performing artificial respiration aremanual and hardware. Of course, the manual way of breathing recovery is less efficient than with hardware, but not always, because it is possible to provide first aid to the injured in a hospital setting. When there is no alternative to the manual method of artificial respiration is necessary can be very useful: no auxiliary instruments for its implementation does not need and can make it immediately as the need arises.
The most effective for today consideredartificial respiration "mouth to mouth": the one who is helping with the power exhales air from their lungs into the lungs of the victim. The undeniable advantage of this method is that the amount of air provided can reach 1500 ml, which can not be achieved using other methods of artificial respiration. In addition, this convenient and easy way to first aid for anyone who wishes to learn the power of even a schoolboy. Risk of inadvertently damaging the internal organs of the victim in this case is not, but it is very convenient to control the process of aeration of the respiratory system of the injured person.
However, there is an artificial respiration "mouth to mouth"and one major drawback. The contact of the mucous membranes of different people may end mutual infection. And it is not always possible to ignore the feelings of disgust to perform CPR if needed "mouth to mouth". Proceeding from these considerations, it is better to blow the air by using a gauze or a handkerchief as a partition.
How to prepare for the implementation of procedures
Weakened respiratory movements, lips cyanotic, and speeded up to 110 beats per minute pulse are absolute indications for artificial respiration.
If you are going to provide the affected person to first aid in the form of artificial respiration, be prepared to do the following quickly and collected:
- Remove all clothing from the injured, which compresses his chest - it would impede the restoration of normal breathing.
- Put the person on his back on a horizontalsurface - smooth asphalt, the ground, in the car seat. Pay attention to his chin is in line with the neck. This is to ensure that the language does not overlap the larynx and thus ensure free access of air flow into the lungs. Man can be fixed in this position, if you put the blade under his towel or clothes, rolled roller. In this position, the root of the tongue will move to the back of the throat and relieve the entrance to the larynx and trachea.
- The index and middle fingers explore her mouththe victim, to ensure that no foreign content. If you find there is blood or mucus, turn a man's head to the side and wound on a finger handkerchief, clean the mouth and throat of the mass. Then again zaprokinte affected person's head as much as possible back.
How do artificial respiration
After all the preparatory measurestaken, take a deep breath and powerfully push air into the affected person's mouth. At the same time, hold the fingers of his nose. As long as the chest is lying to fall, making the passive exhalation, again enter a deep breath, and then take another breath "mouth to mouth". mymedinform.com considers it necessary to note that the children CPR can be performed in the mouth and nose at the same time.
When providing first aid in this manner should besure to pay attention to the "behavior" of the rib cage of the victim. Its lifting and smoothing will tell you that you're doing it right. If it is not moving, it is possible that the victim's airway obstruction. To remedy the situation, the most zaprokinte man's head back, open wide his mouth and pull the lower jaw forward. Again, take a few deep breaths, do not forget to watch if the victim moves his chest.
The absence of spontaneous breathing oftendue to the influence of external factors, the fault of which air can not move freely on the human respiratory tract. For example, the affected person is unconscious, can stock up language. In addition, the trachea may be clogged by foreign bodies or biological mass (solid object, dirt, food, vomit, blood or water).
Artificial respiration "mouth to mouth" shouldbe sure that the victim's airway is not blocked by the language. The fact that the state lying in the unconscious person on the back muscles of the tongue and the throat, down tone completely relax and the tongue root at this time can smoothly shift down and block the entrance to the trachea. That is, when performing artificial respiration chest will move, but breath sounds will not be heard. If sunken tongue blocked the upper airways partially, the victim observed noisy and jerky breaths with a loud wheezing noise when inhaling.
Perhaps you will not immediately pushthe victim's jaw forward, but in no case do not panic! As fast as you can do it like this: put your hands on either side of the head lying man, put 4 fingers of each hand behind the corners of the lower jaw, while resting his thumb at the front edge and pull the jaw forward. You did everything right, if the teeth of the lower jaw will be at the same time in front of the upper.
If you can not, for whatever reason, to openhuman mouth is unconscious, try to use other methods of first aid. For example, artificial respiration "mouth-to-nose". The principle is the same as in the artificial respiration "mouth-to-mouth", only when the air blowing the nose is necessary to close the mouth of the victim.
When providing first aid for adultachieve a positive effect (recovery of spontaneous breathing) to do 10-12 sudden intense breaths in 60 seconds. breaths rate increases if necessary to help the child - 16-18 times a minute. However, CPR for children should be done with less force and intensity than adults - the amount of the baby's lungs is significantly inferior to the size of an adult human lung.
The procedure of "mouth to mouth" resuscitationoperate as long as the lying man starts to breathe rhythmically own. Despite the usefulness of this procedure with the provision of first aid is important not to overdo it. Performing artificial respiration "mouth to mouth" and "mouth-to-nose" for more than 6 - 7 minutes lead to supersaturation of oxygen affected organism. The main symptoms of this state of weakness, dizziness, excessive sweating and physical distress. Once the victim makes the first independent breath, perform artificial respiration stop, so as not to cause him too much harm.