What is the beef tapeworm infection

Content

  • teniarinhoza
  • How is the beef tapeworm infection
  • Treatment and prevention teniarinhoza



  • teniarinhoza

    What is the beef tapeworm infection
    Teniarinhoza - bot (cestodosis), parasitic disease, occurring with toxic-allergic reaction and dyspeptic disorders (disorder pischevarieniya).

    Pathogens - tapeworms (cestodes)
    Taeniarhyn-chussaginatus, Taenia saginata (bovine tapeworm, bovine tapeworm, tapeworm unarmed) and Taeniarhynchus confusum.

    Adults
    individual parasites in the small intestine. Their length reaches 5-7 m or more.
    The head (scolex) is provided with 4 suction cups. The worm body contains up to 2000
    segments (proglottids), each of which contains up to 150,000 eggs. eggs
    round, with a thin and transparent membrane, each containing an embryo
    (Hexacanth), surrounded by a dual-yellowish striated
    shell. The end segments are destroyed or actively crawl through
    anus. Isolation eggs with feces leads to massive
    colonization of places of detention cattle, pasture and forage.

    Disease
    prevalent in Africa (particularly in central), Asian countries and
    in the Balkans. In Russia, sporadic (isolated) cases were recorded everywhere. FROM
    contaminated feed eggs enter the body of cattle,
    They accumulate in the muscles and turn into larvae (Finns or cysticerci). AT
    polar regions cysticercus (the larval stage of the tapeworm) parasites in the brain of the northern
    deer. Man often becomes infected by eating raw food or
    improperly treated contaminated Finns (puzyrchitymi worms) beef (skewers, beef). AT
    the head of the small intestine is inverted from the Finns and is attached to it
    wall. After 3 months formed the mature worm.



    How is the beef tapeworm infection

    Adults
    individual parasites in the small intestine. Their length reaches 5-7 m or more.
    The head (scolex) is provided with 4 suction cups. The worm body contains up to 2000
    segments (proglottids), each of which contains up to 150,000 eggs. eggs
    round, with a thin and transparent membrane, each containing an embryo
    (Hexacanth), surrounded by a dual-yellowish striated
    shell. The end segments are destroyed or actively crawl through
    anus. Isolation eggs with feces leads to massive
    colonization of places of detention cattle, pasture and forage.

    Diarrhoeal
    symptoms (symptoms from the gastrointestinal tract): nausea, rumbling in the abdomen, bloating, irregular pain
    abdominal pain, diarrhea, disturbance of appetite, general weakness. In
    debilitated patients observed neurological symptoms (headache,
    dizziness, fainting, insomnia, seizures). In the blood, showed a slight leukopenia (reducing the number of leukocytes in the blood), Eosinophilia (increase in the number of eosinophils in the blood) sometimes mild anemia.

    research Methods

    Detection of proglottids in feces and, rarely, scolex.
    Microscopy
    with adhesive cellophane tape. The tape is pressed against the adhesive side to the
    perianal area, the skin is placed on a glass slide and examined for
    the presence of eggs, emerged from the destroyed proglottids.



    Treatment and prevention teniarinhoza

    A drug
    choice - fenasal 2 g (thoroughly crushed in 1/4 cup of warm water)
    once in the morning on an empty stomach or at night after 3-4 hours after a light meal.
    For 10-15 minutes before the drug is given 1-2 g of sodium bicarbonate.
    An alternative drug - praziquantel at 2.5-10 mg / kg body weight once.

    Prevention:

    • Identification of patients and monitor them for 6 months after treatment conducted
    • Sanitary examination of meat cattle
    • Thoroughly cooked meat.

    Leave a reply