The famous catch phrase, once sounded in the famous movie: "... woke up - gypsum", is quite applicable to the subject of the child's broken leg.
Fracture should be considered as a violation ordamage to the integrity of the bone, which arose due to various reasons. There are acquired and congenital fractures, the latter are rare and occur or trauma during pregnancy, expectant mother, or it may be due to disease of the fetus skeleton. A very large group of fractures - it's damage acquired through the influence of mechanical force or during a traffic accident. Any traumatic effect on bone in humans, as well as fracture of the tibia in a child accompanies varying degree of soft tissue damage.
Depending on the direction of the fracture linedistinguish transverse, oblique, longitudinal and helical damage. Injuries can be simple or complex depending on how many parts there was a turning point, with the separation of one or more bone fragments, in such cases, we use the terminology: comminuted, multisplintered or crushed. Possible so-called incomplete fracture when a crack is formed only bone, in contrast to the full, at which almost always observed displacement of bone fragments.
As a suspected fracture of the child? That should make my mother think of the turn, when she sees that the child is excited and crying? This is indicated by a number of features.
Fracture of the tibia in a child, as well as anyTrabecular bone is characterized by its abnormal mobility, sharp and acute pain at the time of the fracture, a violation of the form legs, aching constant pain at the site of injury, the loss of the support function, swelling and bruising. The child has this type of fracture can occur if unsuccessful jump from wall bars, a fall from a ladder or in any domestic situation. skin integrity can not be violated, and bone fragments can not be shifted, like fractures grow together quickly, with a short cast.
traumatology and orthopedics specialists deal withacquired and congenital disorders of the femur in children. Congenital variant is quite rare, unlike acquired or trauma resulting from road traffic accidents or domestic injury. Traumatic hip fracture usually involves soft tissue and can be open or closed. Children complete and incomplete fracture of the femur is not common - only 4% of all injuries, and in most situations there is no displacement of bone fragments.
As the time to understand and to notice what had happened, whatfracture symptoms? There severe pain and swelling of the lower limbs, disturbance of the mobility in the area of the femur, forced position of the legs, possible deformation of the femur. With an open fracture noticeable wound and bleeding.
Treatment of femoral fracture involves the placement of a child in a hospital and consists of three stages:
- reduction of fracture;
- retention of the femur in the desired position until full recovery;
- rehabilitation of limb function.
Principles of femur fracture treatment inchildren under 3 years of age and older children are different categories of approaches with vertical traction on Schede in children, and the classic skeletal traction by means of spokes in older children.
Surgical intervention is required on failureusing conservative treatment, if properly fused or open fractures. Major rehabilitation of the child are factors in creating conditions for the prevention of disability: physical therapy, massage, liquidation and elimination of pain and swelling.
How to behave parents at this moment and howhelp your child? First of all, the whole period of treatment and recovery should take place in close contact with the doctor, with the understanding that the important factor in the case of long-term care becomes a complete care and a balanced diet, as well as attention to the child.