disease. Although cerebral palsy amazed muscle is not
muscles and nerves are not the cause of the disease.
Cerebral palsy is usually caused by injury or trauma of the head portion
the brain that controls muscle movement, before birth, during delivery or
immediately after their studies have shown
that the natives of Asia, particularly South India and Sri Lanka, are particularly prone to cerebral palsy.
High levels of melanin pigment in the skin contributes to gene mutations,
accelerating the onset of the disease. Learn about the symptoms, possible causes and
methods for the treatment of cerebral palsy.
Symptoms of cerebral palsy
Cerebral palsy is usually easy to be diagnosed at an early age,
when the child is under three years old. In severe cases,
the disease can be diagnosed in infancy (up to 3 months).
Signs and symptoms of cerebral palsy are individual.
However, you can select a number of typical
symptoms of the disease:
- Ataxia - coordinating the work of disorder
muscles when performing elementary movements
- Muscle spasticity - or spasm
muscle tension and strain reflexes
- Stepping walking not on the whole foot, and
- Privolakivanie legs
- Failure to maintain a balance
- Uneven, staggering gait
- Too busy or relaxed
- Some children with cerebral palsy develops as a result
transferred to the early infectious diseases of the brain, for example,
- In children with congenital cerebral palsy in severe wrong
posture, their body is too relaxed or, on the contrary, is stressful. bending
spine, underdeveloped lower jaw, small head, etc. -. lo
congenital defects related to this disease.
- These symptoms as children get older can
intensify or remain unchanged.
- Such diseases and disorders like spasms
convulsions, epilepsy, speech disorders, sensory
disorders, mental retardation, learning disabilities and so forth., also
called secondary symptoms are very common.
paralysis also occurs as a result of traumatic brain or the strongest
Causes of Cerebral Palsy
The exact cause of infantile cerebral
paralysis is not yet established, and although the doctors are discussing this issue for the past
a few decades, to a conclusion they did not come. This defect
not usually associated with a single disease, but a number
The most common causes of cerebral palsy:
- The probability of occurrence of cerebral palsy in
Premature babies are much higher than that of high-grade.
- This disease is particularly susceptible to
children at birth asphyxia or having undergone a birth trauma.
If the baby does not cry after birth
During the first five minutes of life or if left in the incubator for four
weeks or more, or if there was a brain hemorrhage, the probability
of infection is increased, and therefore, increases and the risk of cerebral palsy.
- The twins or triplets low weight
birth, making them vulnerable to the development of cerebral palsy.
- The infection can be transmitted to a certain type
from mother to child during and after childbirth, which can also lead to cerebral palsy.
- The probability of occurrence of cerebral palsy increases in
delivery time breech fetus as a result of the use of analgesics
or rupture of amniotic membranes (which may cause of infection).
- The probability of occurrence of cerebral palsy is higher in children,
suffered a traumatic brain injury, meningitis or brain hemorrhage.
- The exact cause of cerebral palsy in each
particular case can not be established.
Unfortunately, by cerebral palsy can not be fully
cure, but therapy will improve the child's condition. Treatment
ICP conducted primarily through physical and mental training
functions, which can reduce the severity of neurologic defect. For
improve muscle function using physical therapy and occupational therapy. Treatment
in the early stages of the disease it helps to partially overcome the development defects
It helps to learn how to perform the necessary actions and objectives. With proper treatment
Cerebral palsy child can learn to live an almost normal life.
Here are the possible
treatment of cerebral palsy:
- Speech therapy (sessions in speech therapy) - helps
learn to control the muscles in the mouth, to deal with problems with chewing
food and articulation of sounds.
- Physiotherapy and occupational therapy - helps
maximize the functions of the body and take the individual restrictions imposed
a disease that in the future the patient was able to lead a more or less independent
- Drug treatment helps
to control seizures, relieves muscle spasms and pain
- The use of orthopedic devices,
for example, staples
- The use of wheelchairs
- Surgical intervention to
correction of anatomic deformations and relax tense muscles
- The use of means of communication,
for example, computers and speech synthesizers.