One of the most common diseases in children - chicken pox. To detect this disease is usually not possible at once, and this is due to the fact that its incubation period is about 14-15 days.
Susceptibility to disease in children is very high,but it rarely occurs again due to immunity. Sometimes later in life in frail people there are cases of herpes zoster or zoster. Especially dangerous chickenpox during pregnancy, the infection in the early stages of the disease can lead to the development of congenital malformations in the fetus or to the appearance of various pathologies of the newborn.
The causative agent of the infectious disease - is not verypersistent virus that is in the environment quickly dies. Since the virus can be encountered everywhere: in public transport, in the kindergarten and at school, anywhere where there is a massive gathering of people. Normally, young parents are concerned about the question: "Which way is transferred to chicken pox?". The answer is obvious: infection occurs by droplets through talking, coughing, laughing and sneezing. Infected by household utensils, household items, or through third parties is not possible. Chickenpox can be transmitted to the fetus only when sick very pregnant woman to carry a fetus.
In chickenpox, the first signs of which appearweakness, fever 38-39S to the incubation period lasts for 2 weeks, and therefore immediately recognize the disease is not possible. On the head, back, chest, stomach, mouth appear pinkish-red rash of round shape with bubbles in a bright red rim. After 2-3 days blisters burst and dry up, there are light brown crust, which disappear after 6-8 days, leaving no trace.
New eruptions are formed every day, soat one site and the skin may be red spots and transparent blisters and brown crust. The falling away crusts and complete clearance of the skin may take up to 2-3 weeks, how much lasts chickenpox. Rash, blisters, which gives the chicken pox, are the first signs of disease disappear quickly, leaving no trace. If bubbles combing may remain scars, well known to all as "ospinki" on the skin.
In the case of infection with chickenpox desiredpregnancy should consult a doctor immediately. Intrauterine infection of the fetus can lead to congenital form of the disease, which is accompanied by a lesion of the limbs, brain and soft tissues of the child. It is difficult and dangerous complication, so if a woman planning a pregnancy and still have not sick chicken pox, it is recommended even before the conception to make the appropriate vaccination. The medical literature describes the facts of fetal infection from the mother during pregnancy, it emphasizes once again as sometimes passed chickenpox.
While chickenpox continues treatment of the diseasecarried out at home, it does not require prolonged bed rest and is aimed at preventing the occurrence of various complications. Particular attention should be paid to hygiene practices, underwear and bed linen, preferably soft hygroscopic fibers. Agonizing itching - a true companion of the disease and one of the first major symptoms of chickenpox. It can be somewhat weakened rubdown body with boiled water and vinegar, slightly sprinkled with talc. We must try to persuade the child to refrain from scratching, if possible, diverting his various games, lessons and reading. For kids can recommend cotton mittens.
Care must be taken to the patientlocated in a well-ventilated area, to eliminate the heat and overheating, as they provoke itching and scratching, and remember that chicken pox is contagious, it lasts much. Consideration should be given serious attention to the milk-vegetable diet, fruits and abundant drinking. It may be different, not too concentrated fruit juices and herbal teas are good cranberry juice and broth hips. Do not forget about the course of vitamins.