acute and accompanied by fever, intoxication, catarrhal
(Runny nose, cough, wheezing in the lungs) and enanthema (rash on the body).
The causative agent of the disease is Polynosa rnorbillorum virus that
paramikrovirusov belongs to the family, genus Morbi IN virus,
also includes viruses skperoziruyuschego subacute panencephalitis,
multiple sclerosis, rinderpest and dogs.
This virus belongs to the species of RNA and rapidly losing
its activity under the influence of ultraviolet rays and disinfectants
How do you get infected with measles
Infected with measles virus very easily, the main route of transmission
airborne disease. After talking with an infected person
disease occurs in 98% of cases. A household items and contacts with third
individuals, the virus is transmitted. Most
Children are susceptible to the disease, but the virus has no age limit and
under appropriate conditions, can get sick each.
Resistant to measles virus: children up to 1 year, if the mother
ill with measles or been vaccinated against it, they will save the so-called
transplacental immunity; children and adults who recover from measles (immunity
is life) and people who have passed vaccination. The remaining exposed
risk of infection, even if just visited the room where 2 hours
before it was sick.
The virus enters the body through mucous membranes
(Respiratory tract, conjunctiva), multiplies, gets into the lymph vessels,
and from there into the bloodstream. The virus spreads throughout the body, affects the skin
integuments, body organs during penetration of the virus in the nervous system may
the development of meningitis, encephalitis and meningoencephalitis.
What are the first symptoms of measles
Signs of the disease do not appear immediately, the incubation period
illness lasts 9-11 days (at this time the virus entered the body hard
develops, there are no signs of the disease).
The first sign of acute onset is high
the temperature to 38-39 ° C. Then there are:
fatigue, dry cough, sore throat, runny nose, and photophobia may occur
On the second day of the disease third body temperature is lowered,
mucosa of the mouth is bright red with specks (a sure sign of measles)
It manifested on the skin rash maculopapular nature (resembles
nodules or elevation without watery contents, pink). First
all rash appears behind auricles, then in the center of the face, for
day covers the face, neck, upper chest, and once in a day, covers
virtually all of the body surface. After a few hours surrounded by red papules
area, and in another time, all merged to form red patches of irregular shape
a papule in the center. The rash lasts for several days and then fades in the same
sequences that arose.
The disease can occur in various forms (light,
Moderate, severe), can have a typical and atypical course. that
identify the disease occurring in an atypical form of latent needs to be done
What are the complications of measles
Typically 8-10 day of disease normal body temperature,
a 10-15 day completely extinguished rash. If weeks after disease symptoms
not fade, requires another check-up, the presence of complications, patient
may be admitted to hospital.
In 30% of cases of measles lead to complications, which most
are children under 5 years of age and persons over 20 years. Complications from the disease is very
dangerous pneumonia may occur more often, and other bacterial otitis
infection. Severe complications may develop blindness, deafness and
If you find some signs of the disease should be
immediately call a doctor, the patient lay in bed, at a high temperature
body can antipyretics dates (aspirin and paracetamol). No way
case be given antibiotics to the patient, they do not act on the measles virus, and
may complicate the patient's condition. Rash also does not need to be lubricated.
For the patient should set the power mode to give more
warm drinks (non-acidic juices, tea, juice), but the fatty broth is better not to give.
The main food should be soft, gentle, spicy, salty, sour and peppered
How is measles prevention
In order to prevent and to generate active immunity
Measles is made routine vaccination. Live measles vaccine (ZHKV)
is introduced to children, according to the vaccination schedule, as well as adults.
In identifying the source of infection, the source of infection to be
insulation at the time of the disease, all persons in contact with them to be divisive
with other children for 17 days, and in organizations where the outbreak was discovered (child
garden, school) are carried out routine inspections in order to identify other