Conductive Education was developed afterWorld War II Hungarian physician and educator Petyo Andras (Andras Peto). First, this approach has only been used in conductive pedagogy institute in Budapest, bearing the name of the author, and eventually gained popularity and has been applied in many countries.
Conductive based pedagogymainly on the educational model of intervention and combines educational and rehabilitative goals in the same program. This concept aims to help children with motor disabilities to acquire "ortofunktsii", which is defined as the ability to participate and function in society, despite its inferiority motor. Conductive Education is based on the idea that the nervous system, in spite of the damage, still has the ability to form new neural connections.
According to Professor Petyo, motor disturbancesdevelop not only due to central nervous system damage, but mostly due to lack of coordination and communication between different parts of the brain and their functions. This ability of the nervous system can be mobilized with the help of appropriately directed, active learning process.
In the treatment of patients with cerebral palsy classes are held inspecialized groups of between 10 to 25 children. Children are engaged together, observe and encourage each other to perform the exercises. Conductors run by the group and provide a motivating environment and emotional support. The program's objectives are determined by the overall level of group development and abilities of each individual child.
Group Lessons are structured andcarried out in accordance with our program. The program includes blocks consisting of sets of exercises and educational activities that are carried out in the form of a game. Complexes of exercises, as well as members of their tasks, are selected depending on the nature of the child's pathology, its motor and intellectual capacities. All exercises are based on complex physiological movements.
A set of exercises
The complex consists of exercises with different objectsand exercise equipment, exercise ball, on the stairs, on the gymnastic bench with gymnastic stick and walking with complicated tasks and exercises near the wall bars. During the exercises used motor specially developed for this procedure furniture equipment - ladders, tables, boxes, made of wooden planks painted rounded.
During the lessons are widely used rhythm and lyricsin the technique, which is called "rhythmic intention» (rhythmical intention). Rhythmic intention - it is rhythmic verbal instructions that are served during the execution of a series of tasks. With rhythm, songs and rhymes given backbeat of physical activity that contributes to the training and motivation of the child, as well as helping to draw attention to the movement, which is carried out at the moment.
The effectiveness of the child's participation in a rehabilitationthe process depends largely on the motivation. Typically, children with cerebral palsy are passive in their actions. Conductive Education method calls for the active child participation to overcome their motor disability. Correctly set goal gives the child the proper motivation to employment, enhances self-esteem. training program provides a continuous engagement of the child in various activities that teach children to think and act in different situations. Of great importance in the formation of motivation has a child the desire to succeed and achieve predictable results. Therefore, even very minor success receives positive support and encouragement from the conductor.